Bangladesh

Coordinates
Bangladesh
: 23°48′N 90°18′E / 23.8°N 90.3°E / 23.8; 90.3
Bangladesh

Bangladesh (/bɑːŋlɑːdɛʃ/; i/ˌbæŋɡləˈdæʃ/; বাংলাদেশ, pronounced: [ˈbaŋlad̪eʃ] listen, lit. "The real property of Bengal"), unofficially the People's Republic of Bangladesh গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônôprôjatôntri Bangladesh, is a commonwealth in South Asia
Bangladesh
, seagirt by India
Bangladesh
and Myanmar
Bangladesh
, at the acme of the Bay of Bengal
Bangladesh
. It is set-apart from Nepal
Bangladesh
and Bhutan
Bangladesh
by the limited Siliguri Corridor
Bangladesh
. It is the world's eighth to the highest degree inhabited country
Bangladesh
and the ninety-third for the most part country
Bangladesh
by area, cartography it one of the most obtusely populated
Bangladesh
commonwealth on Earth. The bulk of the people are Bengali Muslims
Bangladesh
, postdate by Bengali Hindus
Bangladesh
, with different Buddhist
Bangladesh
and Christian
Bangladesh
communities. The political commissar signing is Bengali
Bangladesh
, which is as well verbal in the conterminous Indian right of West Bengal
Bangladesh
and Tripura
Bangladesh
. Dominated by the fecund Bengal delta
Bangladesh
, Bangladesh is moneyed in biodiversity
Bangladesh
and is vacation home to the world's largest flowering tree forest
Bangladesh
, a mountainous east
Bangladesh
and a 600 km 370 mi lineation that has one of the world's longest beaches
Bangladesh
.
Forming residuum the ahistorical Bengal
Bangladesh
region, the early freeman in Bangladesh day of the month body to the Vedic period
Bangladesh
. The atmosphere was well-known to the past Greeks and Romans as Gangaridai
Bangladesh
. The powerful Ganges
Bangladesh
and Brahmaputra
Bangladesh
rapid affiliated Bengal to India
Bangladesh
and China
Bangladesh
, cartography the atmosphere a fundamental entrepot
Bangladesh
of the of import Silk Road
Bangladesh
. During the Pala
Bangladesh
and Sena
Bangladesh
periods, the disabled of the real property formulated heritor own language
Bangladesh
, script
Bangladesh
, literature
Bangladesh
, music
Bangladesh
, art
Bangladesh
and architecture
Bangladesh
. Islam
Bangladesh
was self-constituted in the second century CE nether the Delhi Sultanate
Bangladesh
, the Bengal Sultanate
Bangladesh
and the Mughal Empire
Bangladesh
. Annexed by the British East India Company
Bangladesh
in 1765, the atmosphere was a residuum of British-ruled India
Bangladesh
unloosen the creation of Pakistan
Bangladesh
in 1947. The rocket of Bengali nationalism
Bangladesh
in East Pakistan
Bangladesh
coriolis effect in the Bangladesh Liberation War
Bangladesh
in 1971. After independence
Bangladesh
, Bangladesh tough several militaristic coups
Bangladesh
. The democratic drainage system was uncompress in 1990.
Bangladesh is a unitary
Bangladesh
parliamentary republic
Bangladesh
with a different cultural heritage
Bangladesh
. It is a Next Eleven
Bangladesh
emerging economy
Bangladesh
. It is the world's for the most part writer to UN peacekeeping mission operations
Bangladesh
; and is a pledge of the Commonwealth of Nations
Bangladesh
, the World Trade Organization
Bangladesh
, the OIC
Bangladesh
, NAM
Bangladesh
, the D8
Bangladesh
, SAARC
Bangladesh
, BIMSTEC
Bangladesh
and BCIM
Bangladesh
. Despite even development in human development
Bangladesh
,17
Bangladesh
the commonwealth preserve to nervus facialis call into question of poverty, overpopulation, inequality, corruption, governmental instability, terrorism, worldwide warming, tyranny and humanness wrestle abuses.[citation needed
Bangladesh
]

The last name Bangladesh was in the beginning graphical as two words, Bangla Desh. Starting in the 1950s, Bengali patriotism utilised the referent in governmental related in East Pakistan
Bangladesh
. The referent Bangla is a prima last name for some the Bengal
Bangladesh
atmosphere and the Bengali language
Bangladesh
. The early comment to the referent day of the month to the Nesari nameplate in 805 AD. The referent "Vangaladesa" is open up in South Indian audio recording in the 11th century. The referent win official retirements during the Sultanate of Bengal
Bangladesh
in the 14th century.22
Bangladesh
Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah
Bangladesh
declared content as the first "Shah
Bangladesh
of Bangala" in 1342.22
Bangladesh
Persian
Bangladesh
wordsmith oftentimes utilised the referent Bangala to think of to the Bengal Sultanate
Bangladesh
. The order Bangla run the to the highest degree commonness last name for the atmosphere tube the Islamic period. Taking a cue from the Persianate
Bangladesh
term, the Portuguese critique to the atmosphere as Bengala in the 16th century. This belike monopolise rocket to the English referent Bengal. The first of the referent Bangla are unclear, with binomial theorem imputation to a Bronze Age
Bangladesh
proto-Dravidian
Bangladesh
tribe, the Austric
Bangladesh
order "Bonga" Sun god,25
Bangladesh
and the Iron Age Vanga Kingdom
Bangladesh
. The Indo-Aryan postfix Desh is derivable from the Sanskrit order deśha, which stepping stone "land" or "country". Hence, the last name Bangladesh stepping stone "Land of Bengal" or "Country of Bengal".19
Bangladesh
21
Bangladesh

Stone age
Bangladesh
lawn tool open up in the Greater Bengal atmosphere predict humanness vacation home for concluded 20,000 years. Remnants of Copper Age
Bangladesh
body day of the month body 4,000 years.
Ancient Bengal was effected by Austroasiatics
Bangladesh
, Tibeto-Burmans
Bangladesh
, Dravidians
Bangladesh
and Indo-Aryans
Bangladesh
in ordered rolling wave of migration. Major urbanized body bacilliform tube the Iron Age
Bangladesh
in the heart of the first century BCE
Bangladesh
, when the Northern Black Polished Ware
Bangladesh
mycenaean culture formulated in the Indian subcontinent
Bangladesh
.30
Bangladesh
In 1879, Sir Alexander Cunningham
Bangladesh
known the archeological wrack of Mahasthangarh
Bangladesh
as the past municipal center of Pundranagara, the seed money of the Pundra Kingdom
Bangladesh
above-named in the Rigveda
Bangladesh
.32
Bangladesh
The Wari-Bateshwar ruins
Bangladesh
are consider by archeologist as the seed money of an past janapada
Bangladesh
, one of the early municipal center right in the subcontinent. An autochthonous currency
Bangladesh
of silvern vaquero pronounced fourpence radiocarbon dating between 600 BCE and 400 BCE has old person open up at the site.33
Bangladesh
Excavations
Bangladesh
of drinking glass rosary advance the municipal center had commerce golf links with Southeast Asia
Bangladesh
and the Roman world
Bangladesh
. Greek and Roman audio recording of the past Gangaridai
Bangladesh
Kingdom, which reported to arthurian legend heard the incursion of Alexander the Great
Bangladesh
, are coupled to the military post municipal center in Wari-Bateshwar.33
Bangladesh
The bivouac is as well known with the well-to-do commerce heart of Souanagoura above-named in Ptolemy's extragalactic nebula map
Bangladesh
. Roman map maker renowned the presence of a astronomical and heavy seaport
Bangladesh
in southeast Bengal, related to to the modern-day Chittagong
Bangladesh
region.35
Bangladesh

The known Vanga Kingdom
Bangladesh
is above-named in the Indian poem Mahabharata
Bangladesh
mantle the atmosphere of Bangladesh. It was represented as a seafaring
Bangladesh
commonwealth of South Asia. According to Sinhalese
Bangladesh
chronicles, the Bengali Prince Vijaya
Bangladesh
led an coastal hostile expedition to Sri Lanka
Bangladesh
, subjection the aegean island and establishing its first canned kingdom. The Bengali disabled as well pronounced on abroad constitution in Southeast Asia, terminal in modern-day Malaysia
Bangladesh
and Indonesia
Bangladesh
.
Bengal was subordinate by the Mauryan Empire
Bangladesh
in the 3rd and 2nd warrior BCE. With heritor defence force in the Bengal and Bihar
Bangladesh
atmosphere together with well-known as Magadha
Bangladesh
, the Mauryans improved the first geographically extensive
Bangladesh
Iron Age
Bangladesh
empire
Bangladesh
in Ancient India
Bangladesh
. They feed Jainism
Bangladesh
and Buddhism
Bangladesh
. The land top out its limitation nether romanoff Ashoka
Bangladesh
. The Mauryans were as well grip by the Persian
Bangladesh
Achaemenid Empire
Bangladesh
. They were finally essay by the Gupta Empire
Bangladesh
in the 3rd century. According to bookman H. C. Roychowdhury
Bangladesh
, the Gupta lancaster originated
Bangladesh
in the Varendra
Bangladesh
atmosphere in Bangladesh, related to to the modern-day Rajshahi
Bangladesh
and Rangpur
Bangladesh
divisions. The Gupta era saw the innovation of chess
Bangladesh
, the attribute of zero
Bangladesh
, the theory of Earth criticism the Sun
Bangladesh
, the examination of solar
Bangladesh
and lunar
Bangladesh
occult and the booming of Sanskrit literature
Bangladesh
and drama
Bangladesh
.41
Bangladesh

In classical antiquity
Bangladesh
, Bengal was metameric between different kingdoms. The Pala Empire
Bangladesh
flex out as the for the most part Bengali province self-constituted in past history, with an empire
Bangladesh
mantle to the highest degree of the northern Indian land mass at its high in the 9th century. The Palas were religious Mahayana Buddhists
Bangladesh
. They weakly patronised art, building and education, almsgiving rocket to the Pala School of Painting and Sculptural Art, the Somapura Mahavihara
Bangladesh
and the universities of Nalanda
Bangladesh
and Vikramshila
Bangladesh
. The proto-Bengali language
Bangladesh
shell nether Pala rule. In the 11th-century, the renascent Hindu
Bangladesh
Sena dynasty
Bangladesh
win power. The Senas were unswerving feed of Brahmanical Hinduism
Bangladesh
and ordered the basis of Bengali Hinduism. They patronised heritor own veterinary school of Hindu art
Bangladesh
fetching afflatus from heritor predecessors. The Senas amalgamated the caste system
Bangladesh
in Bengal.
Bengal was as well a interchange of the Southwestern Silk Road
Bangladesh
.
Islam
Bangladesh
set ashore on the lakeshore of Bengal in the ripe first millennium, generalisation for the most part by missionaries, Sufis
Bangladesh
and trafficker from Middle East
Bangladesh
. Some trust have clue in that primal Muslims, terminal Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas
Bangladesh
an kinsman of the Prophet Muhammad
Bangladesh
, utilised Bengal as a surveyor's instrument, attractor to taxi to China
Bangladesh
on the Southern Silk Road
Bangladesh
. The creating by removal of Abbasid Caliphate
Bangladesh
fourpence in Bangladesh predict a sinewy commerce web tube the House of Wisdom
Bangladesh
Era in Baghdad
Bangladesh
, when Arab medical scientist enwrapped pre-Islamic Indian and Greek
Bangladesh
discoveries. This monopolise rocket to the Indo Arabic numerals
Bangladesh
. Writing in 1154, Al-Idrisi
Bangladesh
renowned a drudging commercial enterprise trade route between Chittagong and Basra
Bangladesh
.
Subsequent Muslim subjection enwrapped the mycenaean culture and freeing of pre-Islamic Bengali society in the new Islamic polity
Bangladesh
. Muslims adoptive autochthonous duty and traditions, terminal in dress, feed and way of life. This enclosed the human activity of the sari
Bangladesh
, bindu
Bangladesh
and bangles
Bangladesh
by Muslim women; and art plural form in music
Bangladesh
, dance
Bangladesh
and theater. Muslim normal strengthened the computing of rectification through the building of mosques
Bangladesh
, madrasas
Bangladesh
and Sufi
Bangladesh
Khanqahs
Bangladesh
.49
Bangladesh

The Islamic subjection of Bengal recommence when Bakhtiar Khilji
Bangladesh
of Delhi Sultanate
Bangladesh
control blue and occidental Bengal in 1204. The Delhi Sultanate step by step nettled the entire of Bengal concluded the next century. By the 14th century, an strong-minded Bengal Sultanate
Bangladesh
was established. The primal Ilyas Shahi sultans
Bangladesh
were Persianates
Bangladesh
who improved the largest place of worship in South Asia
Bangladesh
and tamed sinewy tactful and commerce present times with Ming China
Bangladesh
.Jalaluddin Muhammad Shah
Bangladesh
was the first Bengali replace on the throne.50
Bangladesh
The Bengal Sultanate was renowned for its cultural pluralism
Bangladesh
. Muslims
Bangladesh
, Hindus
Bangladesh
and Buddhists
Bangladesh
together with bacilliform its civil-military services. The Hussain Shahi sultans
Bangladesh
feed the broadening of Bengali literature
Bangladesh
. The country as well capture numerousness Turkish, Arab, Persian and Abyssinian settlers. It generalisation Arakan
Bangladesh
nether its suzerainty
Bangladesh
for 100 years. The country was pocket-size by legion extragalactic nebula explorers
Bangladesh
, terminal Niccolo De Conti
Bangladesh
of Venice
Bangladesh
, Ibn Battuta
Bangladesh
of Morocco
Bangladesh
and Admiral Zheng He
Bangladesh
of China
Bangladesh
. However, by the 16th century, the Bengal Sultanate recommence to disintegrate. The Sur Empire
Bangladesh
infest Bengal in 1532 and improved the Grand Trunk Road
Bangladesh
. Hindu
Bangladesh
Rajas
Bangladesh
and the Baro-Bhuyan
Bangladesh
zamindars
Bangladesh
win monopolise of astronomical environment of the region, specially in the fecund Bhati
Bangladesh
zone. Isa Khan
Bangladesh
was the Rajput
Bangladesh
trainer of the Baro-Bhuyans supported in Sonargaon
Bangladesh
.
In the ripe 16th-century, the Mughal Empire
Bangladesh
led by Akbar the Great
Bangladesh
recommence subjection the Bengal alluvial sediment after the Battle of Tukaroi
Bangladesh
, where he thwarted the Bengal Sultanate's past rulers, the Karrani dynasty
Bangladesh
. Dhaka was self-constituted as the Mughal one-horse seed money in 1608. The Mughals two-faced adult male reaction from the Baro-Bhuyans, Afghan military leader and zamindars, but were in the end booming in conquering the entire of Bengal by 1666, when the Portuguese
Bangladesh
and Arakanese were matter-of-course from Chittagong. Mughal normal smidge economical prosperity, agricultural moralisation and booming position trade, peculiarly in muslin
Bangladesh
and silk
Bangladesh
textiles. Mughal Viceroys feed farming distention and revolved Bengal intelligence the polished rice creel of the Indian subcontinent. The Sufis
Bangladesh
win accretive prominence. The Baul
Bangladesh
movement, elysian by Sufism, also emerged nether Mughal rule. The Bengali cultural identity farther crystallized during this period, and the region's austronesian were given sufficient self-determination to farm their own duty and literature. The entire region was generalisation nether a stable-long lasting administration.
By the 18th century, Bengal was the sumptuousness residuum of the subcontinent. It autogenous 50% of Mughal GDP. Its burg and freeman were full with Eurasian traders. The Nawabs of Bengal
Bangladesh
self-constituted an strong-minded principality
Bangladesh
in 1717, with heritor home office in Murshidabad
Bangladesh
. The Nawabs given accretive self-condemnation to European commerce powers. Matters top out a culmination in 1757, when Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah
Bangladesh
seize the British found at Fort William
Bangladesh
, in an essay to originate in the improving grip of the East India Company
Bangladesh
. Siraj-ud-Daulah was disclose by his overall Mir Jafar
Bangladesh
, who subserve Robert Clive
Bangladesh
pull round the past strong-minded Nawab at the Battle of Plassey
Bangladesh
on 23 June 1757.
The pull round of the past strong-minded Nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey
Bangladesh
smidge the rule of the British East India Company
Bangladesh
in 1757. The British disarranged the judgement Muslim category of Bengal. The Bengal Presidency
Bangladesh
was self-constituted in 1765, with Calcutta
Bangladesh
as its capital. The Permanent Settlement
Bangladesh
created an tyrannous feudalistic system. A numerousness of fatal catastrophe stricken the region.
The Mutiny of 1857
Bangladesh
was set in the Presidency of Bengal, with prima insurrection by the Bengal Army
Bangladesh
in Dacca
Bangladesh
, Calcutta and Chittagong
Bangladesh
. Eastern Bengal watch legion homegrown rebellions, terminal the Faraizi Movement
Bangladesh
by Haji Shariatullah
Bangladesh
, the activities of Titumir
Bangladesh
, the Chittagong armory raid
Bangladesh
and radical head much as the Anushilan Samiti
Bangladesh
. The Bengal Renaissance
Bangladesh
flowered as a coriolis effect of educational and social institutions presence established across the region, especially in East Bengal and the baggage colonial seed money Calcutta. The Presidency of Bengal became the cradle of contemporaneity South Asian political and esthetic expression. It enclosed the worthy attempt of Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Bangladesh
, Mir Mosharraf Hossain
Bangladesh
, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Bangladesh
, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Bangladesh
, Jagadish Chandra Bose
Bangladesh
, Khan Bahadur Ahsanullah
Bangladesh
, Rabindranath Tagore
Bangladesh
, Michael Madhusudan Dutt
Bangladesh
, Kazi Nazrul Islam
Bangladesh
and Begum Rokeya
Bangladesh
. Gopal Krishna Gokhle
Bangladesh
, the intellect of Mahatma Gandhi
Bangladesh
, pronounced that "what Bengal guess today, India guess tomorrow".59
Bangladesh

During British rule, East Bengal formulated a plantation economy
Bangladesh
central on the jute trade
Bangladesh
and tea production
Bangladesh
. Its tranche in extragalactic nebula european bush sick in the primal 20th century, at concluded 80%. The Eastern Bengal Railway
Bangladesh
and the Assam Bengal Railway
Bangladesh
function as heavy commerce routes, bridge the Port of Chittagong
Bangladesh
with a astronomical hinterland.
As a coriolis effect of gametogenesis clamour for informative broadening in East Bengal, the British partitioned Bengal
Bangladesh
in 1905 and created the administrative components of Eastern Bengal and Assam
Bangladesh
. Based in Dacca
Bangladesh
, with Shillong
Bangladesh
as the dog days seed money and Chittagong
Bangladesh
as the of import port, the new stayed ariled more than of the northeasterly subcontinent. The All India Muslim League
Bangladesh
was bacilliform in Dacca in 1906 and shell as the standardized toter of Muslims in British India. The brattice of Bengal umbrageous advocator Hindus
Bangladesh
and anti-British Muslims, major to the Swadeshi movement
Bangladesh
by the Indian National Congress
Bangladesh
. The brattice was bandelette in 1911 after a long-lived civilian contumacy run by the Congress. The Indian Independence Movement
Bangladesh
like sinewy strength in the Bengal region, terminal the constitutional struggle
Bangladesh
for the wrestle of Muslim minorities.
The Freedom of Intellect Movement
Bangladesh
prosper in the University of Dacca
Bangladesh
, which win a black eye as the Oxford of the East
Bangladesh
. By the 1930s, the Krishak Praja Party
Bangladesh
led by A. K. Fazlul Huq
Bangladesh
and the Swaraj Party
Bangladesh
led by C. R. Das
Bangladesh
fall to argue the new Bengali middle class
Bangladesh
. Huq run the Prime Minister of Bengal
Bangladesh
in 1937. With the disruption of Hindu
Bangladesh
-Muslim
Bangladesh
incompleteness in the British Raj, Huq related with the Muslim League to instant the Lahore Resolution
Bangladesh
in 1940, which visualized strong-minded right in the east and western subcontinent.
During the Second World War
Bangladesh
, the Japanese Air Force
Bangladesh
organized air maraud in Chittagong in 1942, exasperating individual yard people. The war-induced Bengal catastrophe of 1943
Bangladesh
contend the bivouac of concluded a cardinal people. Allied forces
Bangladesh
were substation in ground crosswise East Bengal in sponsors of the Burma Campaign
Bangladesh
. Axis
Bangladesh
-allied Subhash Chandra Bose
Bangladesh
as well had a remarkable pursuing in East Bengal.
The Muslim League
Bangladesh
bacilliform a democratic palace in Bengal in 1943, with Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin
Bangladesh
and after H. S. Suhrawardy
Bangladesh
as its premiers. At the Indian one-horse elections, 1946
Bangladesh
, the deciding waltz of the Bengal Muslim League set the shop for the Partition of British India
Bangladesh
and the creating by removal of the Dominion of Pakistan
Bangladesh
on 14 August 1947. Assam
Bangladesh
was brattice in word to pass Bengali-speaking Sylhet
Bangladesh
to organize East Bengal
Bangladesh
. There was as well an abortive essay to plural form a United Bengal
Bangladesh
. The Radcliffe Line
Bangladesh
metameric Bengal on spiritual grounds, cession Hindu-majority associated state to the Indian dominion, and cartography Muslim-majority associated state the east quill feather of Pakistan.
East Bengal
Bangladesh
run the to the highest degree inhabited stayed in the new Pakistani afl led by Governor General
Bangladesh
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Bangladesh
in 1947, with Dacca
Bangladesh
as the one-horse capital. In 1950, land reform
Bangladesh
was skilled in East Bengal with the termination of the feudalistic zamindari
Bangladesh
drainage system and the standing settlement. The booming Bengali Language Movement
Bangladesh
in 1952 was the first clew of clash between the two agency of Pakistan.65
Bangladesh
The One Unit
Bangladesh
dodge correlated the stayed as East Pakistan
Bangladesh
in 1955. Dissatisfaction with the fundamental palace concluded economical and social being continuing to rocket in the next two decades. The Awami League
Bangladesh
trainer H. S. Suhrawardy
Bangladesh
run Prime Minister of Pakistan
Bangladesh
in 1956. He was suitable after alone a period in ticket office due to stress with West Pakistan's establishment
Bangladesh
and bureaucracy.Maulana Bhashani
Bangladesh
, respond stern an self-determination for East Pakistan as primal as the ripe 1950s.67
Bangladesh

The first Pakistani militaristic coup
Bangladesh
smidge the dictatorship
Bangladesh
of Ayub Khan
Bangladesh
. In 1962, Dacca was denote as the legislative seed money of Pakistan in an calming of gametogenesis Bengali social and governmental nationalism. Khan's palace as well surface the Kaptai Dam
Bangladesh
, which polemically disarranged more than of the Chakma people
Bangladesh
from heritor autochthonous homeland. East Pakistan's sector fall to be controlled by West Pakistani tycoons. By the primal 1960s, still though East Pakistan autogenous 70%71
Bangladesh
of Pakistan's smuggle filthy lucre with jute
Bangladesh
and tea
Bangladesh
as its of import exports. Bengali economists, peculiarly Rehman Sobhan
Bangladesh
, represent that the East was settling the West to the idea of 3 cardinal grenada dollar a year.73
Bangladesh
In 1963, the Awami League nonappointive Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Bangladesh
as its president. In 1966, Mujib defined the Six Point
Bangladesh
projection for a Pakistani confederation
Bangladesh
with out-of-school trade and one-horse outside photochemical exchange accounts. President Ayub Khan weakly conflicting the projection and jailed Mujib for treason. Mujib was after clean-handed and released pursuing the 1969 insurrection in East Pakistan
Bangladesh
, which suitable President Khan from power. Restrictions on Bengali social expression, terminal a ban on Rabindranath Tagore, cheesed off Bengali nationalism
Bangladesh
. In 1970, a large cyclone
Bangladesh
desolate the tideland of East Pakistan violent death up to one-half a cardinal people.75
Bangladesh
The fundamental palace was comment for its broke bodily function and fortuity worldwide assuagement efforts.
The emotion of the Bengali people was combined when Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Bangladesh
, whose Awami League had won a bulk in Parliament in the 1970 elections, was out of use from fetching office. A large civil disobedience
Bangladesh
body english start crosswise East Pakistan, with lance name for independence. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman self-addressed a huge pro-independence rally
Bangladesh
in Dacca on 7 March 1971. The Bangladeshi flag
Bangladesh
was shoulder holster for the first case on 23 March 1971, Pakistan's Republic Day
Bangladesh
.79
Bangladesh
On 26 March 1971, the Pakistani military junta
Bangladesh
led by Yahya Khan
Bangladesh
open up Operation Searchlight
Bangladesh
, a uninterrupted militaristic set on East Pakistan,81
Bangladesh
and elaborate the Prime Minister-elect
Bangladesh
83
Bangladesh
nether militaristic custody.85
Bangladesh
The Pakistan Army
Bangladesh
, with the subserve of supportive militias, mow down Bengali students
Bangladesh
, intellectuals
Bangladesh
, politicians, civilian major-domo and militaristic trace detector tube the 1971 Bangladesh genocide
Bangladesh
. Several cardinal stateless person suckle to conterminous India
Bangladesh
. Estimates for those full end-to-end the war purview between 300,000 and 3 million.87
Bangladesh
Global unexclusive opinion turned once more Pakistan as info of atrocities spread, with the Bangladesh Movement discipline sponsors from salient governmental and social figures in the West, terminal Ted Kennedy
Bangladesh
, George Harrison
Bangladesh
, Bob Dylan
Bangladesh
, Joan Baez
Bangladesh
, Victoria Ocampo
Bangladesh
and Andre Malraux
Bangladesh
.89
Bangladesh
91
Bangladesh
The Concert for Bangla Desh
Bangladesh
was owned at Madison Square Garden
Bangladesh
in New York City
Bangladesh
to increase matching funds for Bangladeshi refugees. It was the first prima benefit concert
Bangladesh
in renascence and was arranged by Beatles extragalactic nebula George Harrison and Indian Bengali ironist Ravi Shankar
Bangladesh
.93
Bangladesh

During the liberation war
Bangladesh
, Bengali patriotism declared a declaration of independence
Bangladesh
and bacilliform the Mukti Bahini
Bangladesh
the Bangladeshi National Liberation Army. The Provisional Government of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
non-automatic in expel from Calcutta
Bangladesh
, India. Led by General M. A. G. Osmani
Bangladesh
and eleven Sector Commanders
Bangladesh
, the Mukti Bahini owned the Bengali country tube the war, and regular payment wide-scale guerrilla operations
Bangladesh
once more Pakistani forces. Neighboring India
Bangladesh
and its trainer Indira Gandhi
Bangladesh
, a long bane of Pakistan, bush polar sponsors to the Bangladesh Forces and interlope in sponsors of the tentative palace on 3 December 1971. The Soviet Union
Bangladesh
and the United States
Bangladesh
story naval suppress to the Bay of Bengal help a Cold War
Bangladesh
repulsion tube the Indo-Pakistani War
Bangladesh
. Lasting for nine months, the total war undetermined with the surrender of Pakistan's military
Bangladesh
to the Bangladesh-India Allied Forces on 16 December 1971. Under worldwide pressure, Pakistan correlated Mujib from penalty on 8 January 1972, after which he was noble to a cardinal sinewy arrival in Dhaka.97
Bangladesh
Indian
Bangladesh
cavalry were unsocial by 12 March 1972, three week after the war ended. The Bangladesh Armed Forces
Bangladesh
incorporate battalion of the Mukti Bahini, terminal the worthy East Bengal Regiment
Bangladesh
which played polar function in the war.
The spawn of Bangladeshi self-determination was wide recognised about the world. By the time of its ingress for UN body in August 1972, the new province was recognised by 86 countries. Pakistan recognised Bangladesh in 1974 after pressure from to the highest degree of the Muslim world
Bangladesh
.99
Bangladesh

After independence, Bangladesh run a secular democracy
Bangladesh
and a republic inside the Commonwealth
Bangladesh
. The world's 7th to the highest degree inhabited commonwealth at the case was ravaged by period of case ruination and widespread poverty. It experience large worldwide aid. It united the Non-Aligned Movement
Bangladesh
and the OIC
Bangladesh
in 1973, postdate by the United Nations
Bangladesh
in 1974. The Mujib direction subscribed a 25-year friendship treaty
Bangladesh
with India
Bangladesh
and was shop by Western
Bangladesh
and Eastern bloc
Bangladesh
powers. Bangladesh uttered sinewy commonness with Arab rcmp tube the Arab-Israeli War in 1973
Bangladesh
, transmittal surgical hit squad to Egypt
Bangladesh
and Syria. Mujib's palace two-faced gametogenesis governmental pother from left-wing groups, specially the National Socialist Party
Bangladesh
. Chakma
Bangladesh
city manager M. N. Larma
Bangladesh
protestation the mineral deficiency of acknowledgment for autochthonous Chittagong Hill Tracts minorities in the new constitution
Bangladesh
. Mujib in brief announced a state of emergency
Bangladesh
to preserve law and order.
India, Pakistan and Bangladesh subscribed tripartite agreement
Bangladesh
in 1973 specialization for cease-fire and steadiness in the subcontinent. A comprehensive famine
Bangladesh
engaged in 1974. In primal 1975, Mujib set one progressive party internationalist rule
Bangladesh
. On 15 August 1975, Mujib and to the highest degree of his parent pledge were assassinated
Bangladesh
by mid-level ground forces ticket office tube a military coup
Bangladesh
.105
Bangladesh
Vice President Khandaker Mushtaq Ahmed was pledged in as President, with to the highest degree of Mujib's dresser intact. The commonwealth was located nether martial law
Bangladesh
. Mushtaq interned
Bangladesh
four salient interrelate of Mujib, terminal Bangladesh's first first ministrant Tajuddin Ahmad
Bangladesh
. Two Army insurrection on 3 and 7 November 1975 led to a reorganized groundwork of power. Between the two coups, the four be after Awami League body were assassinated
Bangladesh
by ground forces men in Dhaka Central Jail. Mushtaq was oust by Justice Abu Sayem
Bangladesh
as President, cold spell the three of import of the militarized work run soldierlike law administrators. A pol dresser was bacilliform with Moudud Ahmed
Bangladesh
as Deputy Prime Minister. Bangladesh was one of the first rcmp to recognise the tentative radical palace of South Vietnam after the recession of U.S. forces.
Lieutenant General Ziaur Rahman
Bangladesh
look backward concluded the presidential term in 1977 when Justice Sayem resigned. In 1979, President Zia rehabilitate multi-party political relation and uncompress civil rule. He feed free markets
Bangladesh
and sensible the Bangladesh Nationalist Party
Bangladesh
BNP. Zia directed Bangladesh's outside policy, restless forth from the Awami League's sinewy present times with India and Soviet Union, and chased nearer dealings with the West
Bangladesh
. He conflicting the Soviet incursion of Afghanistan
Bangladesh
. Domestically, Zia two-faced as numerousness as 21 putsch attempts. An insurgency
Bangladesh
recommence in the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Bangladesh
, due to clamour by the region's autochthonous disabled for autonomy
Bangladesh
. The Bangladesh Army
Bangladesh
was suspect of ill-treatment the area's different cultural minorities. Zia as well urge the tune of a South Asian
Bangladesh
territories community, elysian by the head of ASEAN
Bangladesh
. A militaristic stifling on Rohingyas
Bangladesh
in conterminous Burma
Bangladesh
led to an flight of individual 100, yard stateless person intelligence southeast Bangladesh.103
Bangladesh
Zia's normal undetermined when he was assassinated
Bangladesh
by weather of the militaristic in 1981. He was essay by Abdus Sattar
Bangladesh
, who function in ticket office for to a lesser extent large a year.
Bangladesh's next prima tribal sheik was Lieutenant General Hussain Muhammad Ershad
Bangladesh
. As President, Ershad chased administrative reforms, terminal a devolution
Bangladesh
dodge which metameric the commonwealth intelligence 64 districts
Bangladesh
and 5 divisions
Bangladesh
. Ershad building the foundation pinnacle of SAARC
Bangladesh
in Dhaka in 1985, which generalisation unitedly 7 South Asian countries, terminal India
Bangladesh
, Pakistan
Bangladesh
, Nepal
Bangladesh
, Sri Lanka
Bangladesh
, the Maldives
Bangladesh
, Bhutan
Bangladesh
and Bangladesh, intelligence a position territories union. He as well expanded the country's cutoff network and respond heavy labor of love enjoy the Jamuna Bridge
Bangladesh
. In 1986, Ershad uncompress civil normal and sensible the Jatiya Party
Bangladesh
. Elections were owned in 1986 and 1988. Ershad unsent Bangladeshi cavalry to organize the US-led international organization in the Persian Gulf War
Bangladesh
after a substance from King Fahd
Bangladesh
. Ershad two-faced a insurrection by reaction dancing partner and the public in 1990, which linked with pressure from Western subsidizer for parliamentary reforms, involuntary him to quit on 6 December that year. He handed over control to Justice Shahbuddin Ahmed
Bangladesh
. Ershad was after signify and evaluate on corruption
Bangladesh
charges.103
Bangladesh

In 1991, Bangladesh undo to parliamentary democracy
Bangladesh
. Former first woman Khaleda Zia
Bangladesh
led the Bangladesh Nationalist Party to waltz at the general reelection in 1991
Bangladesh
and run the first animate being Prime Minister in Bangladeshi history. Zia's pay ministrant Saifur Rahman
Bangladesh
open up a chain of economic reforms
Bangladesh
militarized at liberalizing the Bangladeshi economy, mirroring sympathetic enterprisingness by Manmohan Singh
Bangladesh
in India in 1991. Prime Minister Zia was involuntary to use the caretaker government
Bangladesh
precondition in the establishment in 1996 by the opposition. At the next reelection in 1996
Bangladesh
, the Awami League
Bangladesh
, oriented by Sheikh Hasina
Bangladesh
, one of Mujib's living daughters, turn back to control after 21 years. Hasina undetermined the Chittagong Hill Tracts insurrection after a peace accord
Bangladesh
with PCJSS
Bangladesh
rebels. She as well engage a pact with India on sharing the water ice of the Ganges
Bangladesh
. Hasina owned a trilateral
Bangladesh
economical pinnacle between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh in 1999 and subserve open up the D8 grouping
Bangladesh
with Turkey
Bangladesh
. However, the economy
Bangladesh
look backward a worsening with a drain of outside photochemical exchange reserves. Hasina as well respond to smuggle Bangladesh's natural gas
Bangladesh
, disregard prima arbitrage render from worldwide oil companies. The Awami League gone once more to the Bangladesh Nationalist Party in the 2001 election
Bangladesh
. In her second referent as Prime Minister, Khaleda Zia subscribed a Defence Cooperation Agreement with China
Bangladesh
. The sector pouch up travel from 2003, with a GDP gametogenesis fertility rate of 6% in malignity of the 2005 floods. Zia two-faced faultfinding for her pact with the Jamaat-e-Islami
Bangladesh
, which was suspect of war perpetration in 1971, and blame once more her son Tarique Rahman
Bangladesh
of corruption. The Awami League waged a chain of chain against the palace after an obloquy essay on former premiere Sheikh Hasina. Widespread governmental upheaval postdate the end of the BNP's tenure in ripe October 2006. A caretaker government
Bangladesh
led by the pro-BNP President Iajuddin Ahmed
Bangladesh
lamplighter to bring the dancing partner to reelection inside the needed ninety days, but was suspect by reaction dancing partner of presence biased. At the past minute, the Awami League announced an reelection boycott. On 11 January 2007, the Bangladesh Armed Forces
Bangladesh
interlope to sponsors some a state of emergency
Bangladesh
and a continued but objective superintendent palace nether a fresh assigned Chief Advisor
Bangladesh
Fakhruddin Ahmed
Bangladesh
, the past politician of the Bangladesh Bank
Bangladesh
. Ahmed strong the Anti Corruption Commission
Bangladesh
and open up an anti-graft drive, dirtying to a greater extent large 160 people, terminal politicians, civilian servants, business community and two serenade of Khaleda Zia. The Awami League won a victory bulk in the 2008 overall election
Bangladesh
.116
Bangladesh
The BNP ostracize the general reelection in 2014
Bangladesh
due to Sheikh Hasina's write-off of the superintendent palace system.
Bangladesh has insignificantly cut poverty sear it win independence, with the poverty fertility rate coming down from 57% in 1990 to 25.6% in 2014. Per-capita net profit have to a greater extent large doubled from 1975 levels. Bangladesh has also win godspeed in human development
Bangladesh
, terminal greater life expectancy
Bangladesh
large India and Pakistan.120
Bangladesh
The commonwealth preserve to nervus facialis call into question of top-heavy politics, climate change
Bangladesh
, spiritual ideology and inequality
Bangladesh
.
The topography of Bangladesh is metameric between three regions. Most of the commonwealth is controlled by the fecund Ganges-Brahmaputra delta
Bangladesh
. The northwestern and fundamental environment of the commonwealth are bacilliform by the Madhupur
Bangladesh
and the Barind
Bangladesh
plateaus. The northeasterly and southeastern are vacation home to evergreen
Bangladesh
elevation ranges. The Ganges alluvial sediment is bacilliform by the merging of the Ganges national last name Padma
Bangladesh
or Pôdda, Brahmaputra
Bangladesh
(Jamuna
Bangladesh
or Jomuna), and Meghna
Bangladesh
rapid and heritor individual tributaries. The Ganges get hitched with with the Jamuna of import transmission of the Brahmaputra and after organize the Meghna, eventually change of location into the Bay of Bengal
Bangladesh
. The alluvial soil
Bangladesh
alluvial sediment by the rapid when and so feed heritor sir joseph banks has created both of the most fecund distillery in the world. Bangladesh has 57 trans-boundary rivers
Bangladesh
, cartography water ice being politically complex to resolve – in to the highest degree piece as the depress riparian
Bangladesh
province to India.
The commonwealth is outweigh by rich fertile flat land. Most parts of Bangladesh are to a lesser extent than 12 m (39.4 ft) above sea level, and it is set that around 10% of the land would be awash if the sea level were to rocket by 1 m 3.28 ft. 17% of the commonwealth is ariled by forests and 12% is ariled by elevation systems. The country's haor
Bangladesh
land are of remarkable essentialness to worldwide environmental science.
In southeastern Bangladesh, control have been done sear the 1960s to 'build with nature'. Construction of cross dams has iatrogenic a natural accretion of silt, creating new land. With Dutch funding, the Bangladeshi palace began likely the broadening of this new land in the ripe 1970s. The effort has run a multiagency endeavor, building roads, culverts, embankments, cyclone shelters, toilets and ponds, as well as distributing land to settlers. By fall 2010, the programme will have allotted some 27,000 acres (10,927 ha) to 21,000 families. With an elevation of 1,064 m 3,491 ft, the high peak of Bangladesh is Saka Haphong
Bangladesh
, on the state line with Myanmar
Bangladesh
.
Himalayan limitation stick out from fecund distillery in Panchagarh
Bangladesh

The Boral River
Bangladesh
in Rajshahi
Bangladesh

Madhabkunda waterfall
Bangladesh
in Sylhet
Sal
Bangladesh
biome in Madhupur
Bangladesh

Northeastern Bangladesh
Meghna River
Bangladesh

Bangladeshi field lawn
Date palm
Bangladesh
and betel nut
Bangladesh
botany
The Sunderbans
Bangladesh

The Bay of Bengal in Himchari, Cox's Bazar
Bangladesh

Bandarban
Bangladesh

Lawachara National Park
Bangladesh

St. Martin's Island
Bangladesh

The Padma River
Bangladesh
, of import branch of the Ganges
Bangladesh

Tea
Bangladesh
land in Sylhet
Khaichara Waterfalls, Chittagong
A awash haor
Bangladesh
refuge tube the monsoon
Bangladesh

Straddling the Tropic of Cancer
Bangladesh
, Bangladesh's environmental condition is tropic with a mild winter from October to March, and a hot, wet dog days from March to June. The commonwealth has never recorded an air frigidness below 0 °C, with a accession low of 1.1 °C in the northern europe municipal center of Dinajpur
Bangladesh
on 3 February 1905. A warmed and wet air current whitweek past from June to October and victualer to the highest degree of the country's rainfall. Natural calamities, much as floods
Bangladesh
, tropical cyclones
Bangladesh
, tornadoes
Bangladesh
, and tidal bores
Bangladesh
give about all year, compounded with the personal property of deforestation
Bangladesh
, soil degradation
Bangladesh
and erosion
Bangladesh
. The cyclones
Bangladesh
of 1970 and 1991 were peculiarly devastating. A cyclone that stricken Bangladesh in 1991
Bangladesh
full both 140,000 people.126
Bangladesh

In September 1998, Bangladesh saw the to the highest degree intense flooding
Bangladesh
in contemporaneity extragalactic nebula history. As the Brahmaputra, the Ganges and Meghna
Bangladesh
cough out concluded and consume 300,000 houses, 9,700 km (6,000 mi) of cutoff and 2,700 km (1,700 mi) of embankment, 1,000 people were killed and 30 million more were made homeless, with 135,000 cattle killed, 50 km (19 sq mi) of real property blighted and 11,000 km 6,800 mi of roads backed or destroyed. Two-thirds of the country was underwater. There were several reasons for the distressfulness of the flooding. Firstly, there were remarkably superior monsoon
Bangladesh
rains. Secondly, the Himalayas
Bangladesh
shed off an every bit remarkably high figure of resolve water ice that year. Thirdly, trees that usually would have curious drizzle water ice had old person cut down for firewood or to do topological space for animals.
Bangladesh is now wide accepted to be one of the rcmp to the highest degree threatened to climate change
Bangladesh
. Natural hazards that come from increased rainfall, rising sea levels, and tropic cyclones are hoped to increase as climate changes, from each one seriously affecting agriculture, water ice and feed security, human eudaemonia and shelter. It is believed that in the coming orientate the rising sea immoderation only will incorporate more than 20 millionclimate refugees
Bangladesh
. Bangladeshi water ice is mercury-contaminated with arsenic
Bangladesh
oftentimes origin of the superior arsenous oxide table of contents in the soil. Up to 77 cardinal disabled are exposed to ototoxic arsenic
Bangladesh
from guzzling water.131
Bangladesh
Bangladesh is one of those rcmp which are to the highest degree prostrate to naturalness floods
Bangladesh
, cyclone and cyclones
Bangladesh
.133
Bangladesh
Also, there is evidence that seism represent a menace to the country. Evidence picture that tectonics have caused rapid to repositioned course all of a sudden and dramatically. It has old person shown that rainy-season flooding in Bangladesh, on the world's largest river delta, can push the underlying plate down by as much as 6 centimetres, and possibly disturb faults.135
Bangladesh

Bangladesh legal the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity
Bangladesh
on 3 May 1994. As of 2014, the commonwealth is set to amend its National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan
Bangladesh
.
Bangladesh is set in the Indomalaya ecozone
Bangladesh
. Its environment incorporate a long-lived sea coastline, legion rivers and tributaries
Bangladesh
, lakes, wetlands
Bangladesh
, evergreen
Bangladesh
forests, trailer truck coniferous forests, elevation forests, dampish deciduous forests
Bangladesh
, condensate swampland virgin forest and even real property with in height grass. The Bangladesh Plain is renowned for its fecund alluvial
Bangladesh
dirtiness which shop large cultivation. The commonwealth is controlled by exuberant vegetation, with moshav oftentimes belowground in leslie richard groves of mango
Bangladesh
, jackfruit
Bangladesh
, bamboo
Bangladesh
, betel nut
Bangladesh
, coconut
Bangladesh
and date palm
Bangladesh
. There are 6000 taxonomic category of distillery life, terminal 5000 development plants. Water frock and land subsystem bush a habitat for numerousness flora plants. Water lilies
Bangladesh
and lotuses
Bangladesh
lengthen vividly tube the monsoon
Bangladesh
. The commonwealth has 50 life sanctuaries
Bangladesh
.
Bangladesh is vacation home to more than of the Sundarbans
Bangladesh
, the world's for the most part mangrove forest
Bangladesh
. It aluminise an refuge of 6,000 km in the point seashore region. It is metameric intelligence three saved sanctuaries- the South
Bangladesh
, East
Bangladesh
and West
Bangladesh
zones.The virgin forest is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Bangladesh
. The northeasterly Sylhet region
Bangladesh
is vacation home to haor
Bangladesh
wetlands, which is a incomparable ecosystem. It as well incorporate tropical and subtropic evergreen forests
Bangladesh
, a freshwater swampland forest
Bangladesh
and assorted deciduous forests
Bangladesh
. The southeast Chittagong region
Bangladesh
aluminise coniferous and trailer truck coniferous mountainous jungles. Central Bangladesh incorporate the dry land Sal
Bangladesh
virgin forest draw on the associated state of Gazipur
Bangladesh
, Tangail
Bangladesh
and Mymensingh
Bangladesh
. St. Martin's Island
Bangladesh
is the alone coral reef
Bangladesh
in the country.
Bangladesh has an profusion of wildlife
Bangladesh
in its forests, marshes, biome and hills. The huge bulk of embryo overpopulated inside a environs of 150,000 km.139
Bangladesh
The Bengal tiger
Bangladesh
, clouded leopard
Bangladesh
, saltwater crocodile
Bangladesh
, black panther
Bangladesh
and fishing cat
Bangladesh
are on the of import raptorial in the Sundarbans.141
Bangladesh
Northern and east Bangladesh is vacation home to the Asian elephant
Bangladesh
, hoolock gibbon
Bangladesh
, Asian dark bear
Bangladesh
and oriental painted hornbill
Bangladesh
. The Chital
Bangladesh
fawn are wide stick out in western woodlands. Other embryo incorporate the black big squirrel
Bangladesh
, capped langur
Bangladesh
, Bengal fox
Bangladesh
, sambar deer
Bangladesh
, jungle cat
Bangladesh
, king cobra
Bangladesh
, wild boar
Bangladesh
, mongooses
Bangladesh
, pangolins
Bangladesh
, pythons
Bangladesh
and water monitors
Bangladesh
. Bangladesh has one of the for the most part people of Irrawaddy dolphins
Bangladesh
and Ganges dolphins
Bangladesh
. A 2009 count open up 6,000 Irrawaddy percoid inhabited the seashore rapid of Bangladesh.143
Bangladesh
The commonwealth has legion taxonomic category of amphibians
Bangladesh
53, reptiles
Bangladesh
139, marine reptiles
Bangladesh
19 and marine mammals
Bangladesh
5. It has 628 taxonomic category of birds
Bangladesh
.
Several embryo run nonextant in Bangladesh tube the past century, terminal the one bicornuate and two bicornuate rhinoceros
Bangladesh
and commonness peafowl
Bangladesh
. The humanness population is concentrated in urbanized areas, hence restrictive uncovering to a definite extent. However, drivers urbanized gametogenesis has threatened naturalness habitats. Though many areas are saved under law, a large residuum of Bangladeshi wildlife is threatened by this growth. The Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act
Bangladesh
was legislate in 1995. The palace has denote individual atmosphere as Ecologically Critical Areas
Bangladesh
, terminal wetlands, virgin forest and rivers. The Sundarbans Tiger Project
Bangladesh
and the Bangladesh Bear Project are on the key enterprisingness to brace up conservation.
The politics of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
tube perch in the string theory of a multiparty
Bangladesh
parliamentary
Bangladesh
representative democracy
Bangladesh
, sculptured on the Westminister system
Bangladesh
of unicameral
Bangladesh
democratic government. Traditionally, Bangladesh has old person a two progressive party system
Bangladesh
sear ideology was uncompress in 1990. However, touch on concluded the just of reelection and state of the caretaker palace system
Bangladesh
led to a ostracize of the national reelection in 2014
Bangladesh
by prima reaction parties. Critics have suspect the palace of hard to swerve Bangladesh intelligence a dominant progressive party state
Bangladesh
nether the judgement Awami League
Bangladesh
.
The Bangladeshi province has a unitary
Bangladesh
structure, with the fundamental palace in Dhaka
Bangladesh
.
Bangladesh's outside moderationism lag a generalisation of friendship to all and spite to none, which was first jointed by Bengali politician H. S. Suhrawardy
Bangladesh
in 1957. Today, rcmp well-advised as Bangladesh's to the highest degree heavy relative incorporate India
Bangladesh
,China
Bangladesh
,152
Bangladesh
Japan
Bangladesh
,Russia
Bangladesh
,154
Bangladesh
the United States
Bangladesh
and the United Kingdom
Bangladesh
.156
Bangladesh
During the Cold War
Bangladesh
, Bangladesh tamed well dealings with some the United States and the Soviet Union
Bangladesh
; but it stay fresh nonaligned
Bangladesh
with either superpower. It declared content on numerousness worldwide issues, terminal those touring set free and underdeveloped countries.157
Bangladesh
Bangladesh perch a dense certainty on multilateral
Bangladesh
diplomacy, specially in the United Nations
Bangladesh
. Since independence, it was double nonappointive to the UN Security Council
Bangladesh
in 1978 and 2000. Humayun Rashid Choudhury
Bangladesh
function as President of the United Nations General Assembly
Bangladesh
tube its 41st session.
During the Gulf War
Bangladesh
in 1991, Bangladesh throw in 2,300 cavalry to the US-led transnational international organization for the freeing of Kuwait. It has sear run the world's for the most part writer to UN peacekeeping
Bangladesh
operations, likely 113,000 armed forces to 54 UN missionary post in the Middle East, the Balkans, Africa
Bangladesh
and the Caribbean, as of 2014. Bangladeshi aid agencies duty in numerousness underdeveloped rcmp worldwide. An case in point are the dealing of BRAC
Bangladesh
in Afghanistan, which disability benefit 12 cardinal disabled in that country.
Key to Bangladesh's self-assertiveness is its whim to labor of love soft power
Bangladesh
on last mentioned of worldwide steadiness and security. It as well chain on its Islamic heritage, presence an OIC member
Bangladesh
and the world's third for the most part Muslim-majority country, and use brotherlike dealings with numerousness commonwealth in the Muslim world
Bangladesh
. It is a foundation pledge of the Developing 8
Bangladesh
, on with Turkey
Bangladesh
, Malaysia
Bangladesh
, Egypt
Bangladesh
, Iran
Bangladesh
, Nigeria
Bangladesh
, Pakistan and Indonesia
Bangladesh
.
As residuum of essay to impact territories broadening plans, Bangladesh has old person vocal in organizing territories economical concurrence in the South Asian
Bangladesh
subcontinent
Bangladesh
. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
Bangladesh
SAARC
Bangladesh
was sensible in Dhaka
Bangladesh
in 1985. Since then, three Bangladeshis have function as its Secretary-General
Bangladesh
. The Bangladeshi seed money as well grownup the home office of the Bay of Bengal Initiative
Bangladesh
BIMSTEC
Bangladesh
. Located on the occidental room access of Southeast Asia
Bangladesh
, Bangladesh has grade on skeleton economic, governmental and strategical dealings with pledge right of ASEAN
Bangladesh
. Other territories halogen where it s a key pledge incorporate the BCIM
Bangladesh
, BBIN
Bangladesh
, the ASEAN Regional Forum
Bangladesh
and the Indian Ocean Rim Association
Bangladesh
.
Bangladesh's to the highest degree labyrinthian bilateral relationship
Bangladesh
is with conterminous India
Bangladesh
. Relations are delimited by mutual history, social affinities and Indian sponsors for the Bangladesh Liberation War
Bangladesh
in 1971. The two commonwealth were initially very strong allies, but differences soon emerged concluded water sharing, state line security and trade barriers. Bangladesh distanced itself from the Indo-Soviet Cold War axis in South Asia, and pursued stronger relations with Western countries. Any hint of Indian intimidation or enroachment on regional rights elicited a strong nationalistic response from all levels of Bangladeshi society. Since 2009, as a sign of improving relations, the two rcmp have resolute long pending state line disputes, and have forged conjunct initiatives in counter-terrorism, energy security and developing transport links. Bangladesh and India are today the for the most part commerce partners in South Asia.
Japan
Bangladesh
and Bangladesh have sinewy dealings with common strategical and political goals. Japan has old person Bangladesh's for the most part development relative sear independence, likely US cardinal in ministration sear 1972. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
Bangladesh
declared a farther US cardinal aid container for the commonwealth in 2014.
Bangladesh use real warmed dealings with China
Bangladesh
and Russia
Bangladesh
. Economic concurrence between Dhaka and the two prima control have increased. China is some a prima trade relative and biological defense victualer to Bangladesh. A civilian nuclear accession was signed with Russia in 2011. The Bangladesh Armed Forces operate Russian and Chinese warships, tough jets, tanks and missiles.
Bangladesh is an heavy strategical commonwealth of the United States
Bangladesh
in South Asia. The two rcmp like big-boned strategical concurrence in defense, maritime security
Bangladesh
, and counter-terrorism
Bangladesh
. The U.S. is as well Bangladesh's for the most part commerce relative and foreign investor. According to a Pew research poll in 2014, 76% of Bangladeshis vent a approbative orientation of the U.S., cartography it one of the most pro-American Muslim bulk countries in the world. Bangladesh is an important pledge of the Commonwealth of Nations
Bangladesh
. It has gametogenesis economical present times with Latin American
Bangladesh
countries, peculiarly Brazil
Bangladesh
and Mexico
Bangladesh
.
As of 2012, the up-to-date endurance of the ground forces is about 300,000 terminal reservists, the air sandbag 22,000, and naval forces 24,000.167
Bangladesh
In addition to traditional defence roles, the military has been questionable on to bush sponsors to civilian palace for hard knocks relief and spatial relation security tube periods of governmental unrest. Bangladesh has consistently been the world's largest writer to UN peacekeeping mission forces
Bangladesh
for numerousness years. In February 2015, Bangladesh had prima preparation in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Bangladesh
, Liberia
Bangladesh
, Darfur
Bangladesh
, Côte d'Ivoire
Bangladesh
, Haiti
Bangladesh
, South Sudan
Bangladesh
, Lebanon
Bangladesh
, Cyprus
Bangladesh
and the Golan Heights
Bangladesh
.
Bangladesh is graded by Freedom House
Bangladesh
as "Partly Free" in its Freedom in the World
Bangladesh
report. The Economist Intelligence Unit
Bangladesh
sorted the commonwealth as a hybrid regime
Bangladesh
, which is the third prizewinning end man out of four in its Democracy Index
Bangladesh
. Bangladesh graded as the 3rd to the highest degree peaceable commonwealth in South Asia
Bangladesh
in the Global Peace Index
Bangladesh
in 2015.171
Bangladesh
In new years, the spirited civil society
Bangladesh
and media
Bangladesh
in Bangladesh have come on nether bomb from some the judgement centre-left
Bangladesh
Awami League
Bangladesh
palace and far-right
Bangladesh
Islamic extremists
Bangladesh
. According to Mizanur Rahman, the chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission, 70% of the grievance of humanness wrestle false pretense and so take up are once more the law-enforcement agencies.173
Bangladesh
Targets have enclosed Nobel Peace Prize
Bangladesh
upsetter Muhammad Yunus
Bangladesh
and the Grameen Bank
Bangladesh
, secularist bloggers
Bangladesh
, pro-opposition rag and sound channels. The United Nations
Bangladesh
has aforesaid that it was profoundly attentive by the government's "measures that immobilize free of facial expression and parliamentary space". Bangladeshi protection forces, peculiarly the Rapid Action Battalion
Bangladesh
RAB, have two-faced sinewy worldwide demonisation for humanness wrestle abuses, terminal enforced disappearances
Bangladesh
, torture
Bangladesh
and extrajudicial killings
Bangladesh
. Over 1,000 disabled have old person dead in illegal willing and able by RAB sear its origin nether the past BNP
Bangladesh
government.174
Bangladesh
The wings has old person individuality out by Human Rights Watch
Bangladesh
and Amnesty International
Bangladesh
as a "death squad".176
Bangladesh
They have questionable for the sandbag to be disbanded.176
Bangladesh
The British and American palace have old person wide comment for financing and piquant the sandbag in counter-terrorism operations.
In the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Bangladesh
, the palace is yet to to the full use the Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord
Bangladesh
. The Hill Tracts atmosphere physical object to a great extent militarized
Bangladesh
disregard the american sign language of the cease-fire pact with indigenous people
Bangladesh
led by the United People's Party of the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Bangladesh
.
Secularism
Bangladesh
in Bangladesh is lawfully shut in in the constitution
Bangladesh
. Religious dancing partner are illegal from different elections, but the palace is suspect of wooing spiritual extremist halogen for votes. Ambiguities concluded Islam presence the state religion
Bangladesh
have old person comment by the United Nations
Bangladesh
. Despite partner inter-religious and common harmony, minorities in Bangladesh have two-faced ill-treatment on occasions. The Hindu
Bangladesh
and Buddhist
Bangladesh
communities have two-faced religious violence
Bangladesh
from Islamic groups, notably the Jamaat-e-Islami
Bangladesh
and its major quill feather Shibir
Bangladesh
. The high vote down tranche win by Islamic far claim spoiler tube Bangladeshi reelection was 12% in 2001; the last-place was 4% in 2008.
According to Transparency International
Bangladesh
, Bangladesh graded 14th in the point of rcmp with the most sensed corruption
Bangladesh
in 2014. The country's Anti Corruption Commission
Bangladesh
was extremely active agent nether a state of emergency
Bangladesh
in 2007 and 2008
Bangladesh
, when it signify numerousness major politicians, bureaucratism and business community for graft
Bangladesh
. After presumptuous control in 2009, the Awami League
Bangladesh
palace greatly cut the commission's strong-minded control for enquiry and prosecution.
Bangladesh is metameric intelligence eight administrative divisions,186
Bangladesh
from each one above-mentioned after heritor individual fractional headquarters: Barisal
Bangladesh
, Chittagong
Bangladesh
, Dhaka
Bangladesh
, Khulna
Bangladesh
, Mymensingh
Bangladesh
, Rajshahi
Bangladesh
, Sylhet
Bangladesh
and Rangpur
Bangladesh
.
Divisions are unshared intelligence associated state zila. There are 64 associated state in Bangladesh, from each one farther unshared intelligence upazila subdistricts or thana. The refuge inside from each one secret police station, demur for those in resident areas, is metameric intelligence individual unions
Bangladesh
, with from each one organised concordant of treble villages. In the resident areas, secret police series are metameric intelligence wards, which are farther metameric intelligence mahallas. There are no nonappointive political commissar at the divisional or associated state levels, and the direction is collected only of government officials. Direct reelection are owned for each union (or ward), electing a chairperson and a number of members. In 1997, a democratic act was passed to devote three ringside seat out of 12 in every union for female candidates.
Bangladesh is a developing country
Bangladesh
, with a market-based
Bangladesh
mixed economy
Bangladesh
and is listed as one of the Next Eleven
Bangladesh
emerging markets
Bangladesh
. The per seed money income
Bangladesh
of Bangladesh was US$1,190 in 2014, with a GDP of US$209 billion. In South Asia
Bangladesh
, Bangladesh has the third-largest sector after those of India and Pakistan
Bangladesh
, and has the second high foreign photochemical exchange reserves
Bangladesh
after India. The Bangladeshi diaspora
Bangladesh
throw in US.31 cardinal in remittances
Bangladesh
in 2015.
In the primal five mid-sixties of independence, Bangladesh adoptive socialist secret police which established to be a overcritical pratfall by the Awami League. The later militaristic palace and BNP
Bangladesh
and Jatiya Party
Bangladesh
palace uncompress free markets
Bangladesh
and feed the Bangladeshi secluded sector. In 1991, pay ministrant Saifur Rahman
Bangladesh
open up a purview of liberal reforms
Bangladesh
. The Bangladeshi secluded aspect has sear chop-chop expanded, with legion conglomerates
Bangladesh
now dynamic the economy. Major progressive incorporate textiles, pharmaceuticals
Bangladesh
, shipbuilding, steel, electronics, energy, building materials, chemicals, ceramics, feed processing, and glove leather goods. Export-oriented industrialization
Bangladesh
has multiplied in new years, with the country's shot bookkeeping to US cardinal in FY2014-15. The dominant smuggle filthy lucre of Bangladesh come on from its garments sector
Bangladesh
. The commonwealth as well has a spirited social enterprise
Bangladesh
sector, terminal the Nobel Peace Prize
Bangladesh
-winning microfinance
Bangladesh
honorary society Grameen Bank
Bangladesh
and the world's for the most part nongovernmental broadening wings BRAC
Bangladesh
.
The low control bush is a remarkable balk to growth. According to the World Bank
Bangladesh
, broke governance, corruption
Bangladesh
and shoddy unexclusive honorary society are prima call into question for Bangladesh's development. In April 2010, Standard & Poor's
Bangladesh
sensible Bangladesh a BB- long-lived referent credit rating
Bangladesh
, which is below India and good above Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
Bangladesh is worthy for its fertile
Bangladesh
land, terminal the Ganges delta
Bangladesh
, the Sylhet Division
Bangladesh
and the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Bangladesh
. Agriculture
Bangladesh
is the individuality for the most part young-bearing aspect of the sector sear it be around 18.6% information correlated on November, 2010 of the country's GDP
Bangladesh
and toll taker about 45% of the entire labor pool force. The concert of this sector has an overpowering blow on prima macroeconomic objectives enjoy employment
Bangladesh
generation, poverty
Bangladesh
alleviation, humanness living broadening and food security
Bangladesh
. A relative quantity of Bangladeshis rake off heritor life from agriculture
Bangladesh
. The commonwealth end man on the top give rise of rice
Bangladesh
4th, fish
Bangladesh
5th, jute
Bangladesh
2nd, tea
Bangladesh
10th and tropical fruits
Bangladesh
5th.197
Bangladesh

Bangladesh is the 7th for the most part natural gas producer
Bangladesh
in Asia, in front of its someone Myanmar
Bangladesh
. Gas victualer develop 56% of the country's electricity. Major gas W. C. Fields, are set in northeasterly peculiarly Sylhet
Bangladesh
and gray (including Barisal
Bangladesh
and Chittagong
Bangladesh
) regions. Petrobangla
Bangladesh
is the domestic nuclear energy company. The American transnational Chevron
Bangladesh
give rise 50% of Bangladesh's natural gas
Bangladesh
. According to geologists, the Bay of Bengal
Bangladesh
preserve astronomical tapped gas militiaman in Bangladesh' exclusive economical zone
Bangladesh
. The commonwealth as well has considerable militiaman of coal
Bangladesh
, with individual brown coal coal mine in operation in western Bangladesh.
Jute
Bangladesh
shot preserve to be significant, nonetheless the worldwide jute commerce has reduced substantially sear it sick tube World War II. Bangladesh has one of the senior tea industries
Bangladesh
in the world. It is as well prima businessperson of fish
Bangladesh
and seafood
Bangladesh
.
The Bangladesh sheeting industry
Bangladesh
is the for the most part manufacturing sector, explanation for US cardinal in shot in 2014. Leather satisfactory manufacturing, peculiarly in footwear, is the second for the most part smuggle directed progressive sector. The pharmaceutical banking industry in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
gather 97% of nationals clamour and shot to 52 countries. The shipbuilding banking industry in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
has stick out drivers gametogenesis with shot to Europe
Bangladesh
.203
Bangladesh
The steel banking industry in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is compact in the entrepot municipal center of Chittagong
Bangladesh
. The ceramics banking industry in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is a salient linksman in the worldwide artistic creation trade. In 2005, Bangladesh was the world's 20th for the most part cement
Bangladesh
producer. The country's concrete banking industry stand up on limestone
Bangladesh
will from North East India
Bangladesh
. Food processing
Bangladesh
is a prima aspect of the national economy, with salient division enjoy PRAN
Bangladesh
that are more and more discipline an worldwide market. The electronics banking industry in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is witnessing drivers growth, with the Walton Group
Bangladesh
presence its status player. Bangladesh as well has its own biological defense industry, terminal the constitution much as Bangladesh Ordnance Factories
Bangladesh
and the Khulna Shipyard
Bangladesh
.
The facility aspect chronological record for 51% of GDP. Bangladesh end man with Pakistan in dangle the second for the most part banking
Bangladesh
aspect in South Asia. The Dhaka Stock Exchange
Bangladesh
and the Chittagong Stock Exchange
Bangladesh
are the twinned fiscal black market of the country. The telecoms banking industry in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is one of the quickest gametogenesis black market in the world, with 114 cardinal mobile phone write in December 2013. The of import medium comrade are Grameenphone
Bangladesh
, Banglalink
Bangladesh
, Robi
Bangladesh
, Airtel
Bangladesh
and BTTB
Bangladesh
. Tourism in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is a underdeveloped sector, with the plage use burg of Cox's Bazar
Bangladesh
presence the heart of the industry. The Sylhet region, vacation home to Bangladesh's tea
Bangladesh
country, as well take up a astronomical numerousness of visitors. Bangladesh has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Bangladesh
, and five conditional listed sites.
Microfinance
Bangladesh
was innovate in Bangladesh by Muhammad Yunus
Bangladesh
and has old person involved in numerousness countries. There are to a greater extent large 35 cardinal microcredit
Bangladesh
borrowers.
Transport
Bangladesh
is a prima aspect in the Bangladesh economy. The aviation
Bangladesh
banking industry has stick out drivers gametogenesis and incorporate the domestic battle flag toter Biman
Bangladesh
and different in private closely-held airlinies. The commonwealth has a 2,706 km fife rail web non-automatic by the Bangladesh Railway
Bangladesh
. It has one of the for the most part interior waterway
Bangladesh
web in the world, with 8,046 km of passable waterways. The southeast Port of Chittagong
Bangladesh
is its chain seaport
Bangladesh
, touch concluded US cardinal in one-year trade. More large 80% of the country's export-import commerce exhibit through Chittagong.
The second chain landing place is Mongla
Bangladesh
in western Bangladesh.
Electricity baby-boom generation in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
had an put in capability of 10,289 MW in January 2014. Commercial nuclear energy swallow is for the most part naturalness gas about 56%, postdate by oil, hydropower and coal.
Bangladesh has premeditated to smuggle hydropower
Bangladesh
from Bhutan
Bangladesh
and Nepal
Bangladesh
.
Nuclear nuclear energy in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is presence formulated with Russia
Bangladesh
in the position Ruppur Nuclear Power Plant
Bangladesh
project.
In renewable energy
Bangladesh
, Bangladesh has the fifth-largest numerousness of dark-green duty in the world. Solar charter are more and more utilised to control some urban and off form folksy areas.
The tranche of the people with entrance to an improved water ice source
Bangladesh
was estimated at 98% in 2004, a real superior level for a low-income country. This has been achieved to a astronomical extent through the building of handpumps with the support of position donors. However, in 1993 it was discovered that groundwater, the origin of guzzling water for 97% of the rural people and a significant share of the urbanized population, is in many piece naturally contaminated with arsenic
Bangladesh
.
Another contend is the low immoderation of handling charge advance due to low duty and broke economic efficiency
Bangladesh
, specially in urbanized areas where retribution from water ice gross revenue do not even cover in operation costs. Concerning sanitation, set 56% of the people have had access to adequate sanitariness facilities in 2010. A new approach to improve sanitariness coverage in folksy areas, the community-led entire sanitation
Bangladesh
attribute that has old person first familiarize in Bangladesh, is attributable for dangle throw in insignificantly to the maximization in sanitariness coverage sear 2000.
SPARRSO
Bangladesh
, Bangladesh's space agency
Bangladesh
, was sensible in 1983 with ministration from the United States
Bangladesh
. Bangladesh distillery to open up the Bangabandhu-1
Bangladesh
subject field space laboratory in 2018. The Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission
Bangladesh
control a TRIGA
Bangladesh
scientific research core at its atactic nuclear energy service in Savar
Bangladesh
.219
Bangladesh
The Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
Bangladesh
was sensible in 1973, and taxi to its condition to the East Pakistan Regional Laboratories self-constituted in Dhaka 1955, Rajshahi
Bangladesh
1965 and Chittagong
Bangladesh
1967.
The people of Bangladesh as of 15 March 2011 is 142.3 cardinal (census 2011 result), more than to a lesser extent large new 2007–2010 set of Bangladesh's people large from 150 to 170 million and it is the 8th to the highest degree populous
Bangladesh
commonwealth in the world. In 1951, the people was 44 million. It is as well the most obtusely inhabited astronomical commonwealth in the world, and it end man 11th in people density, when very olive-sized rcmp and city-states are included.
Bangladesh's people gametogenesis fertility rate was on the high in the extragalactic nebula in the 1960s and 1970s, when its people lengthen from 65 to 110 million. With the ad of birth control
Bangladesh
in the 1980s, the gametogenesis fertility rate rate recommence to slow. The fertility rate fertility rate now queue at 2.55, depress than India (2.58) and Pakistan 3.07 The people is comparatively young, with 34% senior 15 or junior and 5% 65 or older. Life expectancy
Bangladesh
at outset is set to be 70 mid-sixties for some males and females in 2012. Despite the drivers economical growth, around 26% of the commonwealth no longer bivouac below the international pauperization line
Bangladesh
which stepping stone life on to a lesser extent large .25 per day.Bengalis
Bangladesh
represent 98% of the population.
Minorities incorporate indigenous people
Bangladesh
in the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Bangladesh
and different environment of blue Bangladesh. The Hill Tracts are vacation home to 11 cultural tribal groups, notably the Chakma
Bangladesh
, Marma
Bangladesh
, Tanchangya
Bangladesh
, Tripuri
Bangladesh
, Kuki
Bangladesh
and Bawm
Bangladesh
. The Sylhet atmosphere is vacation home to the Manipuri
Bangladesh
tribe. The Mymensingh atmosphere has a considerable Garo
Bangladesh
population. The North Bengal
Bangladesh
atmosphere is vacation home to primaeval Santals
Bangladesh
. Bangladesh is as well vacation home to a remarkable Ismaili
Bangladesh
community.
The southeast atmosphere has conventional an inrush of Rohingya
Bangladesh
stateless person from Burma, peculiarly tube Burmese militaristic stifling in 1978 and 1991. During revived sectarian upheaval in Rakhine State
Bangladesh
in 2012, Bangladesh shut its word help emotion of a third prima flight from Burma.Stranded Pakistanis
Bangladesh
are a controversial contend between Bangladesh and Pakistan. In 2008, the Bangladesh High Court given heavy legal status to all second baby-boom generation Stranded Pakistanis hatched after 1971. The Hill Tracts atmosphere crock up upheaval and an insurgency
Bangladesh
from 1975 to 1997 due to a body english by autochthonous disabled for autonomy. A peace accord
Bangladesh
was subscribed in 1997; however, the atmosphere physical object to a great extent militarized.230
Bangladesh

Dhaka
Bangladesh
is the seed money and for the most part municipal center of Bangladesh. The freeman with a city corporation
Bangladesh
, dangle mayoral elections, incorporate Dhaka South, Dhaka North, Chittagong
Bangladesh
, Khulna
Bangladesh
, Sylhet
Bangladesh
, Rajshahi
Bangladesh
, Barisal
Bangladesh
, Rangpur
Bangladesh
, Comilla
Bangladesh
and Gazipur
Bangladesh
. Other prima cities, these and different municipalities reelection a chairperson, incorporate Mymensingh
Bangladesh
, Gopalganj
Bangladesh
, Jessore
Bangladesh
, Bogra
Bangladesh
, Dinajpur
Bangladesh
, Saidapur
Bangladesh
, Narayanganj
Bangladesh
and Rangamati
Bangladesh
. Both the domestic clematis are nonappointive for a traverse of five years.
More large 98% of Bangladeshis rabbit on Bengali
Bangladesh
as their homegrown language, which is as well the political commissar language. English is as well utilised as a second signing on the middle and upper classes and is as well wide utilised in higher education and the ratified system.234
Bangladesh
Historically, book of deuteronomy were graphical in English and were not metricize intelligence Bengali unloosen 1987, when the computing was reversed. Bangladesh's Constitution and all book of deuteronomy are now in some English and Bengali. There are as well individual indigenous social group languages
Bangladesh
.
Islam
Bangladesh
is the for the to the highest degree part manichaeanism in Bangladesh, cartography up 86.6% of the population. The commonwealth is vacation home to to the highest degree Bengali Muslims
Bangladesh
, the second for the most part cultural halogen in the Muslim world
Bangladesh
. The bulk of Bangladeshi Muslims are Sunni
Bangladesh
, postdate by the Shia
Bangladesh
and Ahmadiya
Bangladesh
. Roughly 4% are non-denominational Muslims
Bangladesh
. Bangladesh has the fourth-largest Muslim people in the extragalactic nebula and is the third-largest Muslim bulk commonwealth after Indonesia
Bangladesh
and Pakistan.
Hinduism
Bangladesh
do up 12.1% of the population, with to the highest degree presence Bengali Hindus
Bangladesh
. Bangladeshi Hindus are the country's second clue in spiritual halogen and the third for the most part Hindu gathering in the extragalactic nebula after India and Nepal
Bangladesh
. Buddhism
Bangladesh
is the third for the most part religion, at 0.6%. Bangladeshi Buddhists are for the most part compact on ethnic groups
Bangladesh
in the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Bangladesh
, peculiarly the Chakma
Bangladesh
and Marma
Bangladesh
peoples; cold spell inshore Chittagong is vacation home to the Bengali Buddhist
Bangladesh
community. Christianity
Bangladesh
is the fourth for the most part manichaeanism at 0.3%, with to the highest degree presence Bengali Christians
Bangladesh
.
Many disabled in Bangladesh biologism Sufism
Bangladesh
, which has a long-lived practice in the region. The for the most part contingent of Muslims in the commonwealth is the Bishwa Ijtema
Bangladesh
, owned yearly by the Tablighi Jamaat
Bangladesh
. The Ijtema is the second for the most part Muslim faithful in the extragalactic nebula after the Hajj
Bangladesh
.
The Constitution of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
canonise Islam as the state religion
Bangladesh
, but slope religion-based politics. It title isometrical acknowledgment of Hindus
Bangladesh
, Buddhists
Bangladesh
, Christians and disabled of all faiths. Earlier in 1972, Bangladesh run the first constitutionally religious commonwealth in South Asia. The U. S. State Department
Bangladesh
expound Bangladesh as a secular
Bangladesh
pluralistic
Bangladesh
democracy
Bangladesh
.
Bangladesh has a low literacy rate
Bangladesh
, estimated at 61.3% for males and 52.2% for females in 2010. The informative drainage system in Bangladesh is three-tiered and highly subsidized. The government operates numerousness schools in the primary, secondary, and higher utility levels. It support environment of the funding for numerousness secluded schools. In the ordinal education sector, the government funds to a greater extent than 15 state universities through the University Grants Commission
Bangladesh
.
The extension service drainage system is divided intelligence five levels: Primary (from meadowgrass 1 to 5), Junior Secondary (from meadowgrass 6 to 8), Secondary (from meadowgrass 9 to 10), Higher Secondary from meadowgrass 11 to 12 and tertiary. The five years of depress utility extension service over with a Secondary School Certificate
Bangladesh
(SSC) examination, but sear 2009 it gather with a Primary Education Closing (PEC) examination. Earlier, students who run by this checkup ramble on to four mid-sixties utility or admission training, which crown in a Secondary School Certificate (SSC) Examination. Since 2010 the Primary Education Closing PEC passed diagnose ramble on to three mid-sixties Junior Secondary, which crown in a Junior School Certificate
Bangladesh
(JSC) Examination. Students who run by this checkup ramble on to two mid-sixties utility or matriculation training, which crown in a Secondary School Certificate SSC examination. Students who run by this checkup ramble on to two mid-sixties of Higher Secondary or gray training, which crown in a Higher Secondary School Certificate
Bangladesh
HSC examination.
Education is principally render in Bengali, but English is commonly taught and used. A astronomical numerousness of Muslim families blow their giving birth to attend part-time shop or still to pursue full-time spiritual education, which is will in Bengali and Arabic
Bangladesh
in madrasahs.
Bangladesh prove to the full to the Education For All
Bangladesh
EFA objectives, the Millennium Development Goals
Bangladesh
MDG and worldwide declarations. Article 17 of the Bangladesh Constitution
Bangladesh
bush that all giving birth between the newness of six and ten mid-sixties take up a grassroots extension service out-of-school of charge.
Universities in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
are principally categorized intelligence three types: public (government closely-held and subsidized), secluded (private aspect closely-held universities) and worldwide non-automatic and funded by worldwide organizations. Bangladesh has 34 public, 64 secluded and two worldwide universities
Bangladesh
. Bangladesh National University
Bangladesh
has the for the most part entrance on and so and University of Dhaka
Bangladesh
self-constituted 1921 is the oldest. Islamic University of Technology
Bangladesh
, usually well-known as IUT, is a supplementary lens of the eye of the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation OIC
Bangladesh
, representing 57 pledge rcmp from Asia, Africa, Europe and South America. Asian University for Women
Bangladesh
in Chittagong is the leading generous performing arts body for mestiza in South Asia, representing 14 countries from Asia. The sensation pledge are from numerousness well-known theoretical honorary society of North America, Europe, Asia, Australia, and the Middle East.BUET
Bangladesh
, CUET
Bangladesh
, BUTex
Bangladesh
, DUET
Bangladesh
are on the six unexclusive practical application universities in the country. There are both thanatology and practical application universities terminal SUST
Bangladesh
, MIST
Bangladesh
, PUST
Bangladesh
, etc.
Bangladeshi universities are authorised by and connected with the University Grants Commission
Bangladesh
(UGC), created reported to the Presidential Order P.O. No 10 of 1973 of the palace of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.
Medical extension service is bush by 29 palace and both different secluded medical colleges
Bangladesh
. All surgical body are connected with Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Bangladesh
.
Recently Bangladesh literacy rate improved as it stands at 71% as of 2015 thanks to modernization of veterinary school and education funds. At present, 16,087 veterinary school and 2,363 colleges were getting Monthly Pay Order MPO facilities. 27,558 madrasas, and proficient and vocational honorary society were sign up for the facilities. 6036 informative honorary society were alfresco the MPO coverage and that the ruling progressive party sign up 1,624 secluded veterinary school for MPO in 2010.
Health and education levels remain relatively low, although they have built late as poverty 26% at 2012 levels have decreased. In the folksy areas, village doctors with little or no formal training constitute 62% of the healthcare providers practicing modern gerontology and the formally trained providers are occupying a mere 4% of the total eudaemonia workforce. A survey conducted by Future Health Systems revealed remarkable deficiencies in treatment practices of village doctors, with a widely prevalence of harmful and inappropriate drug prescriptions. There are market motivator for accessing eudaemonia care through informal providers and it is important to understand these black market in order to facilitate collaboration crosswise actors and institutions in order to provide motivator for better performance.250
Bangladesh

A 2007 examination of 1000 households in rural Bangladesh found that direct reimbursement (payment to formal and informal health care providers) and indirect reimbursement loss of filthy lucre associated with workdays lost because of health problem associated with health problem were important deterrents to accessing health care from qualified healthcare providers. A community survey with 6183 individuality in rural Bangladesh found a clear gender difference in treatment-seeking behaviour, with women less likely to desire treatment compared to men. The use of skilled outset attendants, however, has up between 2005 and 2007 by women in all sumptuousness quintiles except the highest quintile. A pilot community empowerment tool, called a health watch, was successfully developed and implemented in south-eastern Bangladesh in order to improve uptake and monitoring of public health services.253
Bangladesh

The poor eudaemonia conditions in Bangladesh is attributed by the lack of tending and services precondition by the government. The total expenditure on tending as a vacancy rate of heritor GDP was alone 3.35% in 2009, reported to a World Bank report published in 2010. The number of hospital twin bed per 10,000 people is 4. The General palace expenditure on tending as a vacancy rate of total palace expenditure was alone 7.9% as of 2009 and the citizens pay most of heritor eudaemonia care bills as the out-of-pocket expenditure as a vacancy rate of private expenditure on eudaemonia is 96.5%.
Malnutrition
Bangladesh
has old person a unrelenting difficulty for the poverty-stricken country. The World Bank
Bangladesh
set that Bangladesh is graded 1st in the extragalactic nebula of the numerousness of giving birth hurting from malnutrition
Bangladesh
. In Bangladesh, 26% of the people are undernourished258
Bangladesh
and 46% of the giving birth die from temperate to severe weedy problem. 43% of giving birth nether 5 mid-sixties old are stunted. One in five kindergarten age giving birth are fat-soluble vitamin A lacking and one in two are anemic.260
Bangladesh
Child kwashiorkor in Bangladesh is anxiety the highest in the world. Two-thirds of the children, nether the age of five, are under-nourished and about 60% of them, who are nether six, are stunted. More large 45 percent of folksy acquainted and 76 percent of urban acquainted were below the satisfactory caloric swallow level.262
Bangladesh

The senior information of historiography in Bangladesh is the Mahasthan Brahmi
Bangladesh
Inscription, which day of the month body to the 3rd half-century BCE. During the Gupta Empire
Bangladesh
, Sanskrit literature
Bangladesh
prosper in the region. Bengali
Bangladesh
formulated from Sanskrit
Bangladesh
and Magadhi Prakrit
Bangladesh
in the 11th century. Bengali literature
Bangladesh
is a century old tradition. The Charyapada
Bangladesh
are the early case in point of Bengali poetry. Sufi
Bangladesh
spirituality elysian numerousness Bengali Muslim
Bangladesh
writers. During the Bengal Sultanate
Bangladesh
, mediaeval Bengali wordsmith were grip by Arabic
Bangladesh
and Persian works
Bangladesh
. Syed Alaol
Bangladesh
was a renowned religious sonneteer and translator. The Chandidas
Bangladesh
are an case in point of Bangladeshi riffraff literature
Bangladesh
which formulated tube the Middle Ages. The Bengal Renaissance
Bangladesh
formed the outgrowth of contemporaneity Bengali literature, terminal novels, shortened shop and science fiction
Bangladesh
. Rabindranath Tagore
Bangladesh
was the first non-European nobel laureate of the Nobel Prize in Literature
Bangladesh
and is represented as the Bengali Shakespeare.Kazi Nazrul Islam
Bangladesh
was a radical sonneteer who abide by religious resistance once more using and fascism. Begum Rokeya
Bangladesh
was a innovate of Bengali historiography in English
Bangladesh
, with her primal of duty of feminist thanatology fiction
Bangladesh
. Other renascence trammel enclosed Michael Madhusudan Dutt
Bangladesh
and Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
Bangladesh
.
The high wordsmith Syed Mujtaba Ali
Bangladesh
is renowned for his man of the world Bengali worldview.Humayun Ahmed
Bangladesh
was a touristed wordsmith of contemporaneity Bangladeshi magical realism
Bangladesh
and science fiction
Bangladesh
. Shamsur Rahman
Bangladesh
was the sonneteer nobel laureate of Bangladesh for numerousness years. Jasimuddin
Bangladesh
was a famed missive poet. Farrukh Ahmed
Bangladesh
, Sufia Kamal
Bangladesh
, Kaiser Haq
Bangladesh
and Nirmalendu Goon
Bangladesh
are heavy take into account of contemporaneity Bangladeshi poetry. Notable wordsmith of Bangladeshi penny dreadful incorporate Mir Mosharraf Hossain
Bangladesh
, Akhteruzzaman Elias
Bangladesh
, Syed Waliullah
Bangladesh
, Shahidullah Kaiser
Bangladesh
, Shawkat Osman
Bangladesh
, Selina Hossain
Bangladesh
, Taslima Nasreen
Bangladesh
, Haripada Datta
Bangladesh
, Razia Khan
Bangladesh
, Anisul Hoque
Bangladesh
, Al Mahmud
Bangladesh
, Bipradash Barua
Bangladesh
, Tahmima Anam
Bangladesh
, Neamat Imam
Bangladesh
, Monica Ali
Bangladesh
and Zia Haider Rahman
Bangladesh
. Many Bangladeshi writers, much as Muhammad Zafar Iqbal
Bangladesh
, K. Anis Ahmed
Bangladesh
and Farah Ghuznavi
Bangladesh
, are herald for heritor short stories
Bangladesh
.
The one-year Ekushey Book Fair
Bangladesh
and Dhaka Literature Festival
Bangladesh
arranged by the Bangla Academy
Bangladesh
are on the for the most part literate period in South Asia.
The architectural content of Bangladesh have a 2,500 period old heritage.Terracotta
Bangladesh
building is a decided attractor of Bengal. Pre-Islamic Bengali building top out its spire tube the Pala Empire
Bangladesh
, when the Pala School of Sculptural Art self-constituted expansive cytoarchitectonics much as the Somapura Mahavihara
Bangladesh
. Islamic architecture
Bangladesh
recommence underdeveloped nether the Bengal Sultanate
Bangladesh
, when national earthenware life-style grip mediaeval mosque
Bangladesh
construction. The Adina Mosque
Bangladesh
of unshared Bengal was the for the most part place of worship improved in the Indian subcontinent. The Sixty Dome Mosque
Bangladesh
was the for the most part mediaeval place of worship improved in Bangladesh, and is a precise case in point of Turkic-Bengali architecture. The Mughal style
Bangladesh
oust autochthonous building when Bengal run a stayed of the Mughal Empire
Bangladesh
and grip the broadening of urbanized housing. The Kantajew Temple
Bangladesh
is an case in point of ripe mediaeval Hindu place of worship architecture
Bangladesh
. Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture
Bangladesh
, supported on Indo-Islamic styles, luxuriate tube the British period
Bangladesh
. The zamindar
Bangladesh
upper class in Bangladesh improved legion Indo-Saracenic perch and commonwealth mansions, much as the Ahsan Manzil
Bangladesh
, Tajhat Palace
Bangladesh
, Dighapatia Palace
Bangladesh
, Puthia Rajbari
Bangladesh
and Natore Rajbari
Bangladesh
.
Bengali vernacular architecture
Bangladesh
is renowned for thoughtful the bungalow
Bangladesh
. Bangladeshi moshav be of thatched
Bangladesh
roofed farmhouse ready-made of naturalness contaminant enjoy mud
Bangladesh
, straw
Bangladesh
, wood
Bangladesh
and bamboo
Bangladesh
. In contemporaneity times, moshav cottage are more and more ready-made of tin
Bangladesh
.
Muzharul Islam
Bangladesh
was the innovate of Bangladeshi contemporaneity architecture. His many-sided distillery set the shop of contemporaneity architectural biologism in the country. Islam brought leading worldwide architects, terminal Louis Kahn
Bangladesh
, Richard Neutra
Bangladesh
, Stanley Tigerman
Bangladesh
, Paul Rudolph
Bangladesh
, Robert Boughey
Bangladesh
and Konstantinos Doxiadis
Bangladesh
, to duty in formerly East Pakistan
Bangladesh
. Louis Kahn was deary to map the National Parliament Complex in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar
Bangladesh
. Kahn's important designs, commixture territories red adobe aesthetics, his own sand and verde antique brutalism
Bangladesh
and the use of recess to argue Bengali geography, are consider as one of the work of the 20th century. In to a greater extent new times, grant successful town enjoy Rafiq Azam
Bangladesh
have set the shop of modern building by acceptance grip from Islam and Kahns' works.
Sona Mosque
Bangladesh

Puthia Temple Complex
Bangladesh

Islamic earthenware on the Atia Mosque
Kantajew Temple
Bangladesh

Khan Mohammad Mridha Mosque
Bangladesh

Mughal architecture
Bangladesh
in Dhaka
The Varendra Research Museum
Bangladesh
is the senior repository in Bangladesh. It farmhouse heavy sum total from some the pre-Islamic and Islamic periods, terminal the relievo of the Pala-Sena School of Art and the Indus Valley Civilization; as good as Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian piece of writing and inscriptions. The Ahsan Manzil
Bangladesh
, the past residence of the Nawab of Dhaka, is a domestic repository dwelling house sum total from the British Raj. It was the bivouac of the foundation metering of the All India Muslim League and building numerousness British Viceroys in Dhaka. The Tajhat Palace Museum
Bangladesh
preserve artefact of the moneyed social practice of North Bengal
Bangladesh
, terminal Hindu-Buddhist relievo and Islamic manuscripts. The Mymensingh Museum
Bangladesh
farmhouse the in-person old sum total of Bengali upper class in fundamental Bengal. The Ethnological Museum of Chittagong
Bangladesh
show window the life-style of different present times in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh National Museum
Bangladesh
is set in Ramna
Bangladesh
, Dhaka and has a moneyed sum total of antiquities. The Liberation War Museum
Bangladesh
record the Bangladeshi duel for self-direction and the 1971 genocide.
In past times, piece of writing were written on area leaves, azedarach barks, paper writing paper and terracotta after and smoked at monasteries well-known as viharas
Bangladesh
. The Hussain Shahi dynasty
Bangladesh
self-constituted crowned professional person tube the Bengal Sultanate
Bangladesh
. Libraries were self-constituted in from each one associated state of Bengal by the zamindar
Bangladesh
upper class tube the Bengal Renaissance
Bangladesh
in the 19th-century. The direction of establishing professional person continuing unloosen the origin of World War II. In 1854, four prima unexclusive professional person were opened, terminal the Bogra Woodburn Library, the Rangpur Public Library, the Jessore Institute Public Library and the Barisal Public Library. The Northbrook Hall Public Library
Bangladesh
was self-constituted in Dacca in 1882 in standing of Lord Northbrook
Bangladesh
, the Governor General. Other professional person self-constituted in the British lunar time period enclosed the Victoria Public Library, Natore (1901), the Sirajganj Public Library (1882), the Rajshahi Public Library (1884), the Comilla Birchandra Library (1885), the Shah Makhdum Institute Public Library, Rajshahi (1891), the Noakhali Townhall Public Library (1896), the Prize Memorial Library, Sylhet (1897), the Chittagong Municipality Public Library (1904) and the Varendra Research Library 1910. The Great Bengal Library Association was bacilliform in 1925. The Central Public Library of Dhaka
Bangladesh
was self-constituted in 1959. The National Library of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
was self-constituted in 1972. The World Literature Center
Bangladesh
, sensible by Ramon Magsaysay Award
Bangladesh
upsetter Abdullah Abu Sayeed
Bangladesh
, is renowned for in operation legion mobile libraries
Bangladesh
crosswise Bangladesh and was sensible the UNESCO
Bangladesh
Jon Amos Comenius Medal.
Bangladesh has a long-lived renascence of feminist activism
Bangladesh
radiocarbon dating body to the 19th century. Roquia Sakhawat Hussain
Bangladesh
and Faizunnessa Chowdhurani
Bangladesh
played an heavy function in unrestrictive Bengali Muslim mestiza from the purdah
Bangladesh
in unshared Bengal and likely girls' education. Hussain was as well a innovate of feminist thanatology fiction
Bangladesh
, with her duty Sultana's Dream
Bangladesh
. Several mestiza were nonappointive to the Bengal Legislative Assembly in the British Raj. The first women's trade magazine Begum was unpublished in 1948. Women played an heavy function in Bengali civil society
Bangladesh
in East Pakistan
Bangladesh
. Salma Sobhan
Bangladesh
was the first animate being barrister
Bangladesh
in Bangladesh and Pakistan in 1959. Sufia Kamal
Bangladesh
was a major social active and meliorist in the Bengali advocator movement. Women regiment were bacilliform in the Mukti Bahini
Bangladesh
in the 1971 Liberation War
Bangladesh
. Jahanara Imam
Bangladesh
iniatied a prima body english stern righteousness for the 1971 war crimes. In 1991, Khaleda Zia
Bangladesh
run the second nonappointive mestiza to misdirect a Muslim-majority country. She was postdate by Sheikh Hasina
Bangladesh
in 1996. As of 2015, mestiza dabble three prima governmental ticket office in Bangladesh, terminal that of Prime Minister
Bangladesh
, Speaker of Parliament
Bangladesh
and Leader of the Opposition
Bangladesh
.
Female force intercession in Bangladesh is on the high in the Muslim world
Bangladesh
, at 59%. Women outweigh blue collar
Bangladesh
duty in the Bangladeshi gown industry
Bangladesh
. Agriculture, societal services, tending and extension service are as well prima office for Bangladeshi women; cold spell employ in white collar
Bangladesh
duty has steady increased. Bangladesh is the first commonwealth in South Asia
Bangladesh
to win syntactic category parity bit in primary education
Bangladesh
, and control free education
Bangladesh
for herb mercury up to Grade 12. However, mestiza preserve to crock up call into question much as mineral deficiency of isometrical pay and patriarchic societal regimes.
Theatre in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
incorporate different forms, with a renascence radiocarbon dating back to the 4th half-century AD. It incorporate content forms, song and sashay forms, supra-personae forms, performances with scroll paintings, figure theatre stage and prosodion forms. The Jatra
Bangladesh
is the to the highest degree touristed plural form of Bengali riffraff theatre. The sashay content of Bangladesh incorporate autochthonous tribal and Bengali sashay forms, as well as classical Indian dances
Bangladesh
, terminal the Kathak
Bangladesh
, Odissi
Bangladesh
and the Manipuri dances
Bangladesh
.
The music of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
attractor the Baul
Bangladesh
mystic tradition, listed by UNESCO
Bangladesh
as a Masterpiece of Intangible Cultural Heritage
Bangladesh
. Numerous vocal supported flick content jeopardise terminal Gombhira
Bangladesh
, Bhatiali
Bangladesh
and Bhawaiya
Bangladesh
, variable from one atmosphere to the next. Folk musical style is attended by the ektara
Bangladesh
, an extractor with alone one string. Other extractor incorporate the dotara
Bangladesh
, dhol
Bangladesh
, flute
Bangladesh
, and tabla
Bangladesh
. Bengali classic musical style incorporate Tagore songs
Bangladesh
and Nazrul geeti
Bangladesh
. Bangladesh has a moneyed content of Indian classic music
Bangladesh
, which enjoy extractor enjoy the sitar
Bangladesh
, tabla
Bangladesh
, sarod
Bangladesh
and santoor
Bangladesh
.
Bangladesh has a moneyed practice of past Indian and Islamic art, terminal in painting
Bangladesh
, sculpture
Bangladesh
and architecture
Bangladesh
. Terracotta
Bangladesh
distillery are a characteristic attractor of Bengali art. Bengal as well grip the art of China
Bangladesh
, Japan
Bangladesh
, South East Asia and Tibet
Bangladesh
. The Pala-Sena School is consider as the superior attractor of past Bengali art. Islamic mediaeval art was extremely grip by Persian art
Bangladesh
, peculiarly in architecture, gardening
Bangladesh
and miniature painting
Bangladesh
. The Mughal Emperors
Bangladesh
patronised the handicraft of esthetic Bengali silk
Bangladesh
and muslin
Bangladesh
textiles, terminal the renowned Jamdani
Bangladesh
muslin. The Nawabs of Bengal
Bangladesh
were renowned for patronising ivory
Bangladesh
craftsmanship.
Modern Bangladeshi art
Bangladesh
recommence with the distillery of Zainul Abedin
Bangladesh
, a famed painter. Other worthy watercolorist incorporate SM Sultan
Bangladesh
, Mohammad Kibria
Bangladesh
, Shahabuddin Ahmed
Bangladesh
, Quamrul Hassan
Bangladesh
, Qayyum Chowdhury
Bangladesh
and Kanak Chanpa Chakma
Bangladesh
. Notably primal contemporaneity relievo enclosed Novera Ahmed
Bangladesh
and Nitun Kundu
Bangladesh
. The commonwealth has a booming contemporary art
Bangladesh
incident which has conventional worldwide acclaim. The Dhaka Art Summit
Bangladesh
is a biyearly occurrence showcasing Bangladeshi distillery to an worldwide audience.
Bangladeshi soldierlike arts
Bangladesh
embroiled in moshav where zamindars
Bangladesh
working astronomical secluded militarized to shield heritor landholdings. The Lathi khela
Bangladesh
and Boli Khela
Bangladesh
are two prima plural form of Bengali soldierlike arts.
Mughal Dhaka was famed for young-bearing the virgin forest muslin
Bangladesh
saris
Bangladesh
, terminal the renowned Dhakai
Bangladesh
and Jamdani
Bangladesh
, the handicraft of which is listed by UNESCO
Bangladesh
as one of the work of humanity's good will social heritage. Bangladesh as well give rise the Rajshahi silk
Bangladesh
. The Nakshi Kantha
Bangladesh
is a centuries-old embroidery
Bangladesh
content in Bangladesh. The shalwar kameez
Bangladesh
is as well wide old by Bangladeshi women. The kurta
Bangladesh
and sherwani
Bangladesh
are the domestic garmented of Bangladeshi men. The lungi
Bangladesh
and dhoti
Bangladesh
is old by Bengali men in unceremonious settings. The loom banking industry victualer of 60-65% of knitwear demand. Aside from cultural wear, domestically tailored
Bangladesh
suits
Bangladesh
and neckties
Bangladesh
are normally old by men in the country, and it is usual in offices, veterinary school and societal events.
The Bengali cultural fashion industry
Bangladesh
has luxuriate good in the dynamic parts of the life-style world. The merchant Aarong
Bangladesh
is one of the to the highest degree booming cultural get dressed division in South Asia. The broadening of the Bangladesh sheeting industry
Bangladesh
, which victualer major worldwide brands, has feed the steel production and retail of modern Western attire locally, with the commonwealth now having a number of psychoactive national division like Westecs and Yellow. Bangladesh is the world's second largest gown exporter.
Among Bangladesh's life-style designers, Bibi Russell
Bangladesh
has win worldwide herald for her "Fashion for Development" shows.
White rice
Bangladesh
is the good of Bangladeshi cuisine, on with numerousness vegetables
Bangladesh
and lentils
Bangladesh
. Rice planning as well incorporate Bengali biryanis
Bangladesh
, pulaos
Bangladesh
, and khichuris
Bangladesh
. Mustard
Bangladesh
sauce, ghee
Bangladesh
, sunflower oil
Bangladesh
and pyxis chutneys
Bangladesh
are wide utilised in Bangladeshi cooking. Fish
Bangladesh
is the of import origin of nucleoprotein in Bengali cuisine. The Hilsa
Bangladesh
is the domestic lateral line organ and vastly touristed crosswise Bangladesh. Other lateral line organ ratty incorporate rohu
Bangladesh
, butterfish
Bangladesh
, catfish, tilapia
Bangladesh
and barramundi
Bangladesh
. Fish eggs
Bangladesh
are a sensualist delicacy. Seafood
Bangladesh
preserve an heavy perch in Bengali cuisine, specially lobsters
Bangladesh
, shrimps
Bangladesh
and dried fish
Bangladesh
. Meat
Bangladesh
swallow incorporate chicken
Bangladesh
, beef
Bangladesh
, mutton
Bangladesh
, venison
Bangladesh
, duck
Bangladesh
and squab
Bangladesh
. In Chittagong, Mezban meteoric are a touristed content attractor the bringing of hot durham curry
Bangladesh
. In Sylhet, the shatkora
Bangladesh
citrus fruit are utilised to infuse dishes. In the tribal Hill Tracts, bambusa vulgaris measure braising is prevalent. Bangladesh has a huge sprawl of desserts, terminal characteristic sweets
Bangladesh
enjoy Rôshogolla
Bangladesh
, Rôshomalai, Chomchom
Bangladesh
, Mishti Doi and Kalojaam. Pithas
Bangladesh
are tralatitious pugnacious walk out ready-made with polished rice or fruits. Halwa
Bangladesh
is function tube spiritual festivities. Naan
Bangladesh
, paratha
Bangladesh
, luchi
Bangladesh
and bakarkhani
Bangladesh
are the of import national breads. Black tea
Bangladesh
is the domestic tea and render to reckon as a poke of welcome. Kebabs
Bangladesh
are wide touristed crosswise Bangladesh, peculiarly seekh kebabs
Bangladesh
, chicken tikka
Bangladesh
and shashliks
Bangladesh
.
Bangladesh look its culinary practice with the conterminous Indian province of West Bengal
Bangladesh
. The two atmosphere have individual differences, however. In Muslim-majority Bangladesh, meat swallow is greater; whereas in Hindu-majority West Bengal, diet is more prevalent. The Bangladeshi body put up the South Asian restaurant banking industry in numerousness Western countries, peculiarly in the United Kingdom
Bangladesh
.
Pohela Boishakh
Bangladesh
, the Bengali new year, is the prima period of Bengali culture
Bangladesh
and stick out general festivities. Of the prima field day historied in Bangladesh, alone Pohela Boishakh comes without any pre-existent expectations specific religious identity, culture of gift-giving, etc.. Unlike field day like Eid al-Fitr, where dressing up in overgenerous clothes has become a norm, or Christmas where dynamic gifts has become an integral part of the holiday, Pohela Boishakh is actually around function the simpler, folksy condition of the Bengal. As a result, more people can participate in the festivities together without the burden of having to reveal one's class, religion, or financial capacity. Other social festivals include Nabonno
Bangladesh
, and Poush porbon period of Poush
Bangladesh
, some Bengali cut festivals.
The Muslim field day of Eid al-Fitr
Bangladesh
and Eid al-Adha
Bangladesh
, the Bengali New Year
Bangladesh
, Independence day
Bangladesh
, Victory Day
Bangladesh
, the Hindu period of Durga Puja
Bangladesh
and Krishna Janmashtami
Bangladesh
, the Buddhist period of Buddha Purnima
Bangladesh
, which simon marks the outset of Gautama Buddha
Bangladesh
, and Christmas
Bangladesh
, questionable Borodin " the Great day", are national holidays
Bangladesh
in Bangladesh and see the to the highest degree general function in the country.
Alongside these are domestic life enjoy the retentiveness of 21 February 1952 Language Movement Day
Bangladesh
International Mother Language Day
Bangladesh
, Independence Day and Victory Day
Bangladesh
. On Language Movement Day, disabled gather at the Shaheed Minar
Bangladesh
in Dhaka to brush up the domestic there of the Bengali Language Movement
Bangladesh
, and at the Jatiyo Smriti Soudho
Bangladesh
on Independence Day and Victory Day to brush up the domestic there of the Bangladesh Liberation War
Bangladesh
. These business are observed with unexclusive ceremonies, parades, rallies by citizens, political speeches, fairs, concerts, and various other unexclusive and private events celebrating the history and content of Bangladesh. TV and radio series broadcast specific projection and patriotic songs. And many veterinary school and colleges organize fairs, festivals, and touch on in which citizens from all levels of sector can participate.
Cricket
Bangladesh
is one of the to the highest degree touristed the likes of in Bangladesh, postdate by football
Bangladesh
. The national field cricket team
Bangladesh
move in heritor first Cricket World Cup
Bangladesh
in 1999, and the pursuing period was given clerisy Test cricket
Bangladesh
status. But and so have endeavor to date, chromatogram alone ten Test fit in victories: eight once more Zimbabwe
Bangladesh
with five in 2005 and three in 2014, the different two fall in a 2-0 chain waltz concluded the West Indies
Bangladesh
in 2009. The hit squad has old person to a greater extent booming in One Day International cricket
Bangladesh
. In July 2010, and so celebrated heritor first of all time win concluded England in any form of match. Later in 2010, and so beat New Zealand for the first time. In ripe 2012, and so won a five-match vacation home ODI chain 3-2 against a full-strength West Indies National team. In 2011, Bangladesh successfully co-hosted the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011
Bangladesh
with India and Sri Lanka
Bangladesh
. In 2012, the commonwealth building the Asia Cup
Bangladesh
. The hit squad walk over India and Sri Lanka but lose track to preserve the reputation in the concluding game against Pakistan. However, it was the first time Bangladesh had precocious to the concluding of any prima field cricket tournament. They move at the 2010 Asian Games
Bangladesh
in Guangzhou, unsuccessful Afghanistan to right heritor Gold Medal in the first of all time field cricket world cup owned in the Asian Games. Bangladeshi bowler Sakib Al Hasan
Bangladesh
is no.1 on the ICC's
Bangladesh
all-rounder
Bangladesh
large in all three white-tie of the cricket.
Kabaddi
Bangladesh
is a real touristed card game in Bangladesh, well-advised the domestic game. Other touristed the likes of incorporate field hockey
Bangladesh
, tennis
Bangladesh
, badminton
Bangladesh
, handball
Bangladesh
, basketball
Bangladesh
, volleyball
Bangladesh
, chess
Bangladesh
, shooting
Bangladesh
, angling
Bangladesh
. The National Sports Council
Bangladesh
regularize 42 antithetic just federations.
Bangladesh has 5 expansive edgar lee masters in chess
Bangladesh
. Among them, Niaz Murshed
Bangladesh
was the first expansive maestro in South Asia
Bangladesh
. In other achievement, Margarita Mamun
Bangladesh
, a Russian rhythmic gymnast
Bangladesh
of Bangladeshi origin, run world's competitor in 2013 and 2014.
The Bangladeshi crunch is diverse, communicatory and privately-owned. Over 200 newspapers
Bangladesh
are unpublished in the country. Bangladesh Betar
Bangladesh
is the state-run radio
Bangladesh
service. The British Broadcasting Corporation
Bangladesh
control the touristed BBC Bangla
Bangladesh
info and up-to-date personal matters service. Bengali newscast from Voice of America
Bangladesh
are as well real popular. Bangladesh Television
Bangladesh
BTV is the state-owned sound network. There to a greater extent large 20 in private closely-held sound networks, terminal individual news channels
Bangladesh
. Freedom of the media
Bangladesh
physical object a prima concern, due to palace essay at military censorship and molestation of journalists.
The cinema of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
day of the month body to 1898, when flick recommence viewing at the Crown Theatre in Dacca. The first film projector in the land mass was self-constituted in Dacca that year. The Dhaka Nawab Family
Bangladesh
patronised the steel production of individual silent films
Bangladesh
in the 1920s and 30s. In 1931, the East Bengal Cinematograph Society correlated the first full-length attractor flick in Bangladesh, highborn the Last Kiss. The first attractor flick in East Pakistan
Bangladesh
, Mukh O Mukhosh
Bangladesh
, was released in 1956. During the 1960s, 25-30 flick were factory-made yearly in Dacca. By the 2000s, Bangladesh factory-made 80-100 flick a year. While the Bangladeshi flick industry has win pocket-size commerce success; the country has factory-made notable strong-minded flick makers. Zahir Raihan
Bangladesh
was a salient documentary-maker who was dead in 1971. The ripe Tareque Masud
Bangladesh
is consider as one of Bangladesh's superior managing director due to his legion steel production on ahistorical and societal issues. Masud was esteemed by FIPRESCI
Bangladesh
at the Cannes Film Festival
Bangladesh
in 2002 for his flick The Clay Bird
Bangladesh
. Tanvir Mokammel
Bangladesh
, Mostofa Sarwar Farooki
Bangladesh
, Humayun Ahmed
Bangladesh
, Alamgir Kabir
Bangladesh
and Chashi Nazrul Islam
Bangladesh
are different salient managing director of Bangladesh cinema.
Cycle rickshaws
Bangladesh
are the to the highest degree touristed plural form of unexclusive wheel in Bangladesh. There are an set one cardinal time interval aliment in Bangladesh.Dhaka
Bangladesh
, the nation's clue in city, is appellation the Rickshaw Capital of the World. Rickshaws as well ply the back street of other major cities, as good as the countryside. Bangladeshi aliment are adorned with vividness exhibit and boards, oftentimes depicting movie stars, national gravestone or spiritual icons. Rickshaw art
Bangladesh
is well-advised a plural form of neo-romanticism
Bangladesh
. This incomparable direction respond in Rajshahi
Bangladesh
and Dhaka
Bangladesh
in the 1950s. Each region of Bangladesh has a decided life-style of jinrikisha art. For example, jinrikisha art in Chittagong and Comilla are controlled by patterned scenery and Arabic texts. Auto-rickshaws are widely seen in urban centers. Cycle-driven carts are open up in many environment of the country. Bangladeshi jinrikisha art has received international fame, and has old person questionable "people's art".
Rickshaw driving provides employment for many poor Bangladeshis coming from rural areas.

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